Predominant public sentiment remains largely anti-homosexual and overshadows constitutionally guaranteed rights in Africa.
The African Union's staunch support for al-Bashir, cloaked in criticism of the International Criminal Court, denied justice to the millions affected by the conflict in Sudan.
The African Union's intervention track record in conflict situations is mixed.
Ousted president Omar al-Bashir could face the International Criminal Court for his role in Sudan's clampdown on the non-Arab people of Darfur.
Unless member states try to solve the contradictions in expectations, UN peacekeeping will not be fit for purpose in the future.
A large free trade area could hinder the development of manufacturing, which countries need for economic growth.
Marking the end of the Cold War offers the chance to reflect on the changes and continuities in African politics and international relations since 1989.
Malawi must change its diplomatic approach and align its national interests with Mozambique's
Efforts to increase trade within the continent are being undermined from the start
The country has not had a seat at the Security Council table for 24 years.
The AU's new International Criminal Law Section offers a chance for the regional body to address root causes of conflict.
More than two out of three displaced people are not refugees, but remain within their own country.
South Africa and Nigeria need to lead policy debates on long term measures to address migration in Africa.
The African Union's role in Sudan's political crisis proves that it's legal framework is strong enough to resolve regional disputes
The ICC may be the only institution capable of breaking the current legal impasse.
Ghana is taking advantage of its strategic location in Africa
It's unclear how relations between Addis Ababa and Asmara will develop but the warmth has largely gone.
Now that African countries have signed up for the continental free trade agreement, they must complete the institutional loop by jumpstarting the creation of the African Monetary Fund.
Election to the Security Council is prestigious for member states because it gives them a seat at the highest table of global decision-making.
The killing of protesters by the Sudanese military signifies its reluctance to hand over power, as demanded by the African Union.