We're living in an alternate political universe of brazen lies and grotesque online spectacles of incivility. Who - or what - is to blame for trolling going mainstream?
The term "meme" was coined in 1976. Today, these cultural artefacts have gone viral, and are redrawing the boundaries of acceptable political discourse.
Some of the same people who played significant roles in a key pro-Trump subreddit are sharing their experience with their French counterparts backing Marine Le Pen.
What connects a cartoon frog, misappropriated mythology and the US's 45th president?
Can the world's progressives build their own international movement?
The idea of white victimhood played an important part in Donald Trump's rise. The South African brand of white supremacy has made a tangible contribution to this narrative of victimhood.
No one likes a white supremacist, but is violence the answer?
The 'alternative-right' has used social media to become a hugely influential movement in global politics. Where is the left's version?
Despite the growing threat from far-right groups, deradicalisation programmes have been largely targeting Muslims.
The Politically Incorrect forum is bringing its racist vitriol to a website near you.
Trump has given extremists a high-profile stage, but in the process exposed them to the disinfecting sunlight.
A scholar of visual culture sees a transition happening online as the alt-right reinterprets images of police shootings to push back against the gains made by Black Lives Matter.