Despite all claims to secular egalitarianism, the Assad family's decades of rule have been brutally elitist.
If states are permitted to determine when force is warranted, outside the existing legal framework, the legitimacy of that framework may be fatally undermined.
Donald Trump, Emmanuel Macron and Theresa May all have something to prove at home by bombing Syria.
The bombing in Syria is based on a flawed strategy – just as Operation Rolling Thunder was during the Vietnam War. But will world leaders learn the lessons of history?
Are air strikes really a way to hold the Syrian regime responsible for its alleged atrocities against humanity? History says no.
Rebuilding Syria will be complex and costly. But expertise and extensive funds will be in short supply due the geopolitical absence of the US and other Western countries.
The US, France and Britain launching air strikes this weekend on Syria in retalition for an alleged gas attack by the Assad regime – but niether side is likely to up the ante soon.
The Syrian conflict is a war of many sides. Here's a rundown of the key players.
The government is planning to take part in military action in Syria. But does it need MPs to consent beforehand?
History suggests it would be a big mistake.
Nothing the world has done has stopped Bashar al-Assad's regime from using chemical weapons – but it's imperative to keep trying.
Ghouta, Syria is being destroyed. The latest news tells of at least 40 residents killed in a chemical weapons attack. But Ghouta's past was all about beauty, and its very name meant "green oasis."
Even if Syria's armed conflict is somehow resolved, new proxy conflicts between regional actors are emerging on the country's soil.
Despite a devastating toll in the seven-year conflict, which has seen 400,000 people killed and six million displaced, there is no end in sight for the people of Syria.
Over the past three decades, Turkey has launched countless operations across the Iraqi and Syrian borders, succeeding only in making matters worse for itself. This time may be no different.
Outside observers are keen to declare the Syrian conflict almost over. It is anything but.
Lessons in military manliness and how to respect it have been a part of Syrian education for decades.
The push for accountability in Syria exposes the challenges of international criminal justice.
A foreign policy expert takes a look at how the high-profile exchange between the U.S. and Russian leaders went down.
A historian takes us beyond the noise in Washington and examines how US and Russian power and interests compare.