Articles on Brain damage

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Heavy alcohol consumption over ten years or more can cause significant brain function problems. But what about casual drinking? Robert Mathews/Unsplash

Research Check: can even moderate drinking cause brain damage?

New research shows an association between moderate drinking and long-term brain impairment. But there are a few reasons to be cautious about these findings.
People with traumatic brain injuries, say after a car accident or an assault, can have behavioural problems long after their physical injuries have healed. from www.shutterstock.com

Explainer: what is traumatic brain injury?

Survivors of traumatic brain injuries might have behavioural issues or have problems holding down a job for years after a blow to the head or a bad fall.
Basil Hetzel’s research supported the use of iodised salt as an easy way to ensure adequate dietary iodine intake. from www.shutterstock.com

Basil Hetzel: Australian medical pioneer, and my friend

Public health pioneer Basil Hetzel died on February 4 2017. Among other career highlights, he identified the most common cause of preventable brain damage: dietary iodine deficiency.
MRIs of 9,000 people have shown that depression shrinks parts of the brain. from shutterstock.com

Depression damages parts of the brain, research concludes

Brain damage is caused by persistent depression rather than being a predisposing factor for it, researchers have finally concluded after decades of unconfirmed hypothesising.
The power is yours. wycliffesa

What sign language teaches us about the brain

The world’s leading humanoid robot, ASIMO, has recently learnt sign language. The news of this breakthrough came just as I completed Level 1 of British Sign Language (I dare say it took me longer to master…
By mimicking each other, humans try to physically understand each others’ emotions. Flickr: modenadude

Explainer: how we understand people and why it’s important

Social cognition is our ability to understand other people, and it enables us to predict their behaviour and share experiences. It’s also critical to understanding the many nuances underpinning everyday…
An emerging drug treatment is effective in mice but translating these results to humans will take time. TheTun/Shutterstock

Developing drugs to reduce brain impairment after stroke

Stroke claims five million lives worldwide each year and is the second biggest killer after ischaemic heart disease. Of those who survive, a significant number (around five million) live with neurological…

Fish oil prevents brain damage in mice

Fish oil injection prevents brain damage after a stroke in mice. After inducing a stroke in new-born mice, researchers injected…

Brain maps reveal where decisions happen

Data studied over 30 years has revealed that reasoning and behavioural control depend on a different area from decision-making…
The brain repairs itself only minimally following damage or disease. x-ray delta one

Set to fade: is the brain doomed to degenerate?

Welcome to the sixth and final part of _On the Brain, a Conversation series by people whose job it is to know as much as there is to know about the body’s most complex organ. Here, Professor Malcolm Horne…

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