Lee: 'Business will be far from usual in a world of four, five or six degrees of warming.'
A 2009 flood, worsened by a high tide, in Miami.
With little state and federal leadership, regional planners in southern Florida try to prepare for the effects of climate change.
As temperatures rise, will species have enough habitat to move to suitable ground?
Animals and plants will need escape hatches to move to cooler climes as the planet warms, but few parts of the U.S. have the natural habitat available for these migrations.
AC Rider / shutterstock
'Adaptation' will help deal with the next decade or two of global warming. But what about key energy or transport links that are expected to last a century?
People in Namibia are seeking ways to reduce vulnerability to problems like drought.
Understanding how drought is impacting on livelihoods and local governments can help in the development of longer term climate adaptation responses.
Unchecked greenhouse gas emissions would lead to a number of economic effects, including potentially more damaging storms like Hurricane Sandy.
Making expanded fossil fuel production the core of U.S. energy policy, as proposed by Donald Trump, and backing out of climate agreements would cost the U.S. economy billions and transform the planet.
While some councils wish to take a long-term view of what can reasonably be done in the face of sea-level rises, private property owners just want their homes protected.
Many properties are at risk from rising sea levels, with owners and councils at odds over the costs of defending these. NSW law reform may lead to more forward-looking climate change adaptation.
If sea level rise takes away someone’s land, should that country be compensated and how?
Despite the fanfare of signing the Paris Agreement on climate, little progress has been made on compensating poor countries for irreparable damages from climate change.
Data about farms’ financial situation as well as the weather could help identify those most vulnerable to drought.
Forecasting drought should be about more than weather – to help those likely to be hit hardest, we need financial and even health data too.
In semi-arid areas, climate information that is tailored to farmers’ needs can reduce their vulnerability to climate change.
Building on local experience and having access to current and expected climate trends is crucial to adapting to climate change for farmers in semi-arid regions.
Mumbai is one of many large cities threatened by climate change, but not adapting fast enough.
Poorer cities are spending less on dealing with the consequences of global warming, even relative to their wealth.
We still don’t know enough about questions such as where the tipping points are for Arctic ice melt.
Christine Zenino/Wikimedia Commons
The Paris agreement has given us some solid targets to aim for in terms of limiting global warming. But that in turn begs a whole range of new scientific questions.
Clearing mulga woodland in Queensland to open up land for cattle during drought.
We're going to have to adapt to climate change, but some of the options on the table could do more harm than good if they destroy the ecosystems that protect us.
Earth’s city lights.
NASA Visible Earth
Hundreds of cities worldwide have pledged to act against climate change. New York City's experience rebuilding after Hurricane Sandy offers useful lessons about making urban areas more resilient.
The Paris climate summit was historic as a political achievement but it's not clear how and when the hard problems of emission cuts and climate finance get tackled.
Climate change is predicted to hit Africa hard unless the continent puts in place adaptation plans.
Africa needs to work on adaption strategies if it is to overcome the harmful effects of climate change.
It can be hard to know how best to adapt to climate change.
Projects to help people adapt to climate change are essential. But no one really knows how much to spend, or even how to tell which projects are working.
Levees in New Orleans were unable to prevent flooding during Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
Delta cities in both rich and poor countries face uphill, and potentially costly, battle in containing risk from flooding.
London’s famous Shard is one big window, but bricks and wood are more efficient.
Air conditioning alone won't make global warming more bearable – architects must reinvent the window.
South Australia’s McLaren Vale is leading the way in adapting to climate change, but the future for vineyards is still uncertain.
AAP Image/Ben Macmahon
The wine industry is sensitive to climate change, but grape growers also have the funding and knowledge to put themselves at the forefront of climate adaptation. Other farmers should watch with interest.