Computed tomography scans of a frog skeleton. These fossil frogs are useful to track climatic change.
Fossils of the lowly frog indicate that the evolution of South Africa's west coast winter rainfall pattern is more complex, and possibly occurred much later, than previously thought
Hypothetical reconstruction of the largest extinct megapode,
Progura gallinacea (right), with a modern Brush-turkey and a Grey Kangaroo.
Artwork by E. Shute, from photos by Tony Rudd, Kim Benson and Aaron Camens
Large birds once lived across Australia, only to become extinct around the time that giant marsupials and other megafauna died out during the Pleistocene "ice ages".
Children gather around a fossil skull at a South African museum.
As an intellectual history of the disciplines of paleontology and paleoanthropology, Kuljan’s book is especially adept at narrating the interwoven connections between science and power.
Jean-Jacques Hublin, MPI-EVA, Leipzig
A researcher tells the story of how he and his team discovered the oldest Homo Sapiens fossil bones to date in Morocco.
Enormous sediment cones in a cave at Naracoorte. Two people in overalls show the scale of the area.
Layers and layers of sand and sediment collected in Naracoorte Caves create windows into what Australia was like in our recent past.
The fossil remains which have caused all the consternation.
Jochen Fuss, Nikolai Spassov, David R. Begun, Madelaine Böhme/via Wikimedia Commons
The theory that humankind originated in Europe is an old one. It was abandoned in 1924 when the first Australopithecus was discovered in South Africa.
Fossilised dinosaur eggs in nests, uncovered by a raid on illegal fossils in 2004.
A new, "baby dragon" dinosaur revealed in a fossil returned to China is a striking example of the discoveries that might be lost when scientific specimens are illegally removed and traded.
Local people at Tendaguru (Tanzania) excavation site in 1909 with Giraffatitan fossils.
Wikimedia Commons/Public domain
Africa has one of the world's richest fossil records, and evidence suggests that amateurs collected really important fossils long before professionals arrived on the scene.
Ridges in the Dresser Formation in the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia that preserve ancient stromatolites and hot spring deposits.
Life on the land could have started millions of years earlier on Earth than first thought. This could change the way we think about life developing elsewhere in the universe.
“Neo” skull of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber.
John Hawks/Wits University
Evidence of Homo naledi's age suggests we need to rethink our understanding of human history and evolution.
When new discoveries are jealously guarded under lock and key, science suffers.
A century-old case of scientific fraud illustrates how hard it is to untangle the truth when access to new discoveries is limited.
Mark Witton/Natural History Museum
Researchers pieced together evidence from fossils that had been sitting in museums for years.
An artist’s impression of an ancient, 100% African sea cow.
Sea cows (Sirenia) descended from four legged mammals that roamed Africa when this continent was isolated. They belong to the Afrotheria, the 'African beasts'.
Our cells have a built-in genetic clock, tracking time… but how accurately?
Stopwatch image via www.shutterstock.com.
How do scientists figure out when evolutionary events – like species splitting away from a common ancestor – happened? It turns out our DNA is a kind of molecular clock, keeping time via genetic changes.
A new fossil study challenges 130 years of thinking about how dinosaurs evolved.
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Tubular fossils believed to represent early microbes.
Tiny tubes and filaments of iron found in rocks in Canada turned out to be the remains of microbes from over 3.7 billion years ago.
Dinghua Yang & Jun Liu
A 245m year old fossil is the first evidence that of live births in one of the major groups of animals.
Pro-Trump supporters in Manhattan. The new US president appeals to many Americans marginalised by globalisation.
The world needs an alternative system, measuring economic value in face of the dissatisfaction that brought Donald Trump to the White House.
All primates have opposable thumbs – and some flaunt these in the cutest way.
Courtesy of Lory Park Zoo
Much like the hair you carefully rearrange before a selfie, your cheek muscles and the accompanying smile date back about 250 million years.