A new fossil study challenges 130 years of thinking about how dinosaurs evolved.
Test your knowledge in our first ever weekly quiz.
Tubular fossils believed to represent early microbes.
Tiny tubes and filaments of iron found in rocks in Canada turned out to be the remains of microbes from over 3.7 billion years ago.
Dinghua Yang & Jun Liu
A 245m year old fossil is the first evidence that of live births in one of the major groups of animals.
Pro-Trump supporters in Manhattan. The new US president appeals to many Americans marginalised by globalisation.
The world needs an alternative system, measuring economic value in face of the dissatisfaction that brought Donald Trump to the White House.
All primates have opposable thumbs – and some flaunt these in the cutest way.
Courtesy of Lory Park Zoo
Much like the hair you carefully rearrange before a selfie, your cheek muscles and the accompanying smile date back about 250 million years.
The author’s backpack was hiding this almost complete therapsid fossil. Was finding it all down to luck?
Good science isn't rooted in chance. It's based on people with expertise being in the right place at the right time, equipped with enough knowledge to know what they're looking at.
How our ancestors ate could explain why today’s humans are mostly right-handed.
The way early humans learned to handle food could explain why the majority of people today are right handed.
Trustees of the NHM, London
The Natural History Museum's 'Dippy' the diplodocus skeleton is about to be become a giant 3D jigsaw.
Alfred the aetiocetid had teeth but needed a better way to capture his tiny prey.
The largest animals on the planet - the baleen whales - prey on some of the smallest. But how did their teeth evolve into the filters they use today?
A set of fossils that lay forgotten in a museum are revealing new secrets about Britain's prehistoric wildlife.
The fossilised skull of an Odontocyclops displays its pineal foramen.
Nkansahrexford (Own work) via Wikimedia Commons
Mammals' ancestors had a third eye and the fossil record of its disappearance tells us the story of the evolution of one of our most important features: warm blood.
A 133 million-year-old fossil hints that dinosaurs had bigger brains than we've realised.
Savannasaurus was pretty small, by titanosaur standards.
Travis Tischler/Australian Age of Dinosaurs Museum of Natural History
Dinosaur bones unearthed at one of Australia's richest fossil sites have introduced us to a new species: Savannasaurus, one of a family of huge dinosaurs that trekked here more than 100 million years ago.
Qilinyu, shown here front and top left, with its kin
Entelognathus and small worm-like conodont animals swimming in the background.
Dingua Yang/Inst. Vertebrate Palaeontology & Palaeoanthropology
Next time you bite down on something you're eating, spare a thought for the evolutioniary leap made by an ancient fish that gave rise to our jaws.
Cave artists knew about the elusive bison some 17,000 years ago.
DNA analysis suggests that a newly discovered species of bison roamed Europe some 17,000 years ago - as prehistoric cave artists were trying to tell us all along.
Were legs a quirk of genetic mutation rather than an evolutionary inevitability?
Robert Nicholls, Palaeocreations
Uncovering the monsters of the prehistoric deep.
A 3D model of the long-lost Scalopocynodon gracilis skull.
Evolutionary Studies Unit, Wits University
An old technique to explore the inside of fossils unfortunately ended up destroying some unique specimens. New technology has been used to reconstruct one such fossil.
This skull belongs to the carnivorous gorgonopsian therapsid Smilesaurus ferox which lived 255 million years ago.
Cradle of Humankind/Flickr/Wikimedia
Modern sabre-tooth mammals have their canines constantly on display. This allows them to seduce mates. But was sexual selection also an important phenomenon among our pre-mammalian ancestors?