New find shows we may have been underestimating the Neanderthals.
Scientists have come up with a way to tell how hot dinosaurs were by studying the remains of their eggs.
Scientists have shown how tiny organic tissue remnants in fossils correspond to the pigments in the animals' original skin and hair.
The discovery of Homo naledi has been a social media sensation, recording an extraordinary number of views – more than 170,000 – for a scientific paper.
Every state and territory in Australia should have one: a fossil emblem. Not only can they be good for tourism but they can also help teach people about the ancient history of the regions.
The fossilized plant Montsechia relied on water to disseminate its genetic material and may rewrite the book on when and how the first flowering plants evolved.
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
A new fossil has reminded us that the real velociraptors were a world away from the huge scaly lizards seen in Juarssic World.
Climate and sea level changes over time have led to the disappearance of the true seals, although these mammals still exist in the Antarctic.
Ancient creepy-crawly "monster" had claws but no teeth.
A microscopic set of teeth helped scientists realise they had been looking at fossils of Hallucigenia back to front.
The secrets of the embryonic dinosaurs whose parents roamed South Africa 200 million years ago are finally in the process of being hatched.
There's a lot more to palaeontology than just dinosaurs, as these incredible lifeforms demonstrate.
The Karoo provides not only a historical record of biological change over a period of Earth’s history but also a means to test theories of evolutionary processes over long periods of time.
Organic dinosaur remains were thought to be extremely rare – until now.
The challenge we face after a century of extraordinary discoveries is pinning down the lineage and mapping the evolutionary route through which we as human beings got here.
We used to think of sharks as primitive fish because the had cartilage instead of bones. Turns out there was a good reason why and it makes them anything but primitive.
Fossils of the oldest bird ever pushes back the evolutionary record for birds by nearly six million years.
The debate has raged for years on the origin of life-like structure in an ancient rocky find in Western Australia. But is it evidence of early life?
Metoposaurus algarvensis, aka toilet jaws, was all over our early ancestors. The thing that got us off the hook? A big hot interception 200m years ago.