The next American administration will have to choose between following Barack Obama's reform course or relaunching the war on drugs, nationally and internationally.
As in other parts of the world, the war on drugs in Southeast Asian countries has huge social, moral and medical costs. Now, an approach that places harm reduction at its centre is gaining support.
A public health programme respected locally, lauded globally, and based on the best science for helping homeless crack users, is at risk of falling victim to Brazil's partisan politics.
In tackling the problem of drug abuse, Indonesia should change its criminalisation and punitive approach into a public health one.
Indonesia's war on drugs aims to protect the country's young generation from an alleged "national drug emergency." But the government's coercive approach is harming the people it wishes to protect.