Getting it wrong: the ICC’s headquarters in The Hague.
Why would the US and UK want to suppress the work of a post-war human rights effort?
The push for accountability in Syria exposes the challenges of international criminal justice.
Graves at the memorial center Potocari, near Srebrenica.
AP Photo/Amel Emric
How long does it take to make peace? Decades after the end of the Bosnian war, just one in six residents felt that country had reached reconciliation.
ICC’s Former Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo looks at a video of Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir.
The African pushback is as a result of the ICC's own Africa strategy.
ICC in trouble?
The court needs to address charges of neo-colonialism.
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) child soldiers on the streets of Bunia in 2003 following a ceasefire with government.
Acts of rape and sexual slavery committed by members of a Congolese armed group against other members are war crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
The Rwandan president, Paul Kagame, remembers the 1994 genocide.
Plenty of African states bristle at the rest of the world's eagerness to prosecute crimes committed on the continent. Some are finding other ways to do it.
Dominic Ongwen, a senior commander in the Lord’s Resistance Army, in a court room in The Hague.
Criminal responsibility is a question of answerability; it declares certain actions to be wrong and calls those who are accused of having perpetrated such wrongs to answer for their actions.
Nelson Mandela (right), with former Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, saw human rights as central to South Africa’s foreign affairs.
South Africa's decision to leave the ICC suggests that its foreign policy is caught in a dilemma between lofty ideas, an unsettled identity crisis, and shifting priorities in a complex world.
Not giving up: Fatou Bensouda.
Rumours of the ICC's imminent demise have been greatly exaggerated.
Uhuru Kenyatta, then Kenya’s Finance Minister (rear) appears at the International Criminal Court in 2011. Kenyatta, now President and off the hook, is weighing his country’s options.
It is a question of when, not whether, Kenya will pull out of the ICC. But it is also clear that there is some incentive for Nairobi not to withdraw immediately
Former Chadian leader Hissene Habre being escorted in to stand trial at the Palais de Justice in Dakar, Senegal in 2015. He was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison in 2016 by judges of the Extraordinary African Chambers for crimes against humanity, rape, sexual slavery.
There are fears that the withdrawal of countries from the ICC would mark the end of international criminal justice in Africa. This need not be the case.
Presidents Jacob Zuma and Uhuru Kenyatta. Their countries are at the forefront of efforts to have Africa leave the ICC.
Ironically the campaign to withdraw from the ICC was mainly initiated by the very same governments and heads of state that had earlier referred cases to the ICC when it suited their own interests.
South Africa’s planned withdrawal from the ICC is considered a detraction from Nelson Mandela’s “inspiring legacy”.
The ICC has made important advances by investigating cases outside Africa and completing ones that further define what is not allowed in war. South Africa’s withdrawal is concerning, but not fatal.
Omar al-Bashir (centre, blue suit) at the infamous 2015 African Union summit in Johannesburg.
Arguably Africa's most powerful diplomatic player, South Africa is now backing out of the world's most important mechanism for bringing war criminals to justice.
Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir during a rally against the ICC.
Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah/Reuters
The South African government's decision to withdraw from the ICC should not be seen in isolation. The African Union has called on its member states to withdraw from the court.
A burnt ancient manuscript at the Ahmed Baba Centre for Documentation and Research, in Timbuktu.
The ICC sentence against Al-Mahdi for destroying ancient artifacts at Timbuktu sends the right message that the international community will not tolerate the destruction of heritage sites.
Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo enters the court room of the ICC.
Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo has been convicted for crimes of sexual violence during war in the Central African Republic. It's a significant case, but not the historic victory it's been hailed as.
Laurent Gbagbo at the ICC.
How can the International Criminal Court serve justice in a climate of intense rumour and bitter suspicion?
South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma being welcomed on his arrival in Khartoum by Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir earlier this year.
Reuters/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah
South Africa's withdrawal from the ICC could have mere symbolic value. The country will continue to have obligations to binding decisions taken by the UN Security Council – including those pertaining to the court.