For the first time since its unbanning the ANC needs to find a new direction. Its supporters and South African voters are no longer content with resolutions that promise to end to corruption.
Angola's president-elect, João Lourenço, has a reputation for relative probity. But, he's unlikely to rock the boat as Eduardo dos Santos remains party chairman.
The twilight of Jacob Zuma's ruinous presidency coincides with growing revulsion at his misrule of South Africa. But, it's important that his erstwhile supporters acknowledge their complicity.
Documents released ahead of the policy conference of South Africa's embattled governing ANC show it hasn't the guts or internal balance of forces, for self-correction and renewal.
On both economic and political dimensions South Africa potentially has a long way further to fall from its current messy institutional realities.
President Zuma's speech is historically meaningless in that it is not a milestone of any professed historical mission.
Understandable anger about the excessive inequality in South Africa lies at the heart of the rise of the radical Economic Freedom Fighters. The problem is how the party wants to address these issues.