People and animals live side by side – and can have pathogens in common.
No one then knew a virus caused the 1918 flu pandemic, much less that animals can be a reservoir for human illnesses. Now virus ecology research and surveillance are key for public health efforts.
More women than men were left standing after the war and pandemic.
Library of Congress
With many men 'missing' from the population in the aftermath of the 1918 flu, women stepped into public roles that hadn't previously been open to them.
A CDC scientist measures the amount of H7N9 avian flu virus grown in a lab.
James Gathany/CDC/Handout via REUTERS
Science has come a long way in the 100 years since the worst flu pandemic in history. But that doesn't mean that the country is ready for another health disaster.
Despite new findings, the deaths can't be blamed on enteric fever alone.
Approximately 80 percent of all pharmaceuticals used by Americans are produced overseas.
Thanks to Hurricane Maria, some US hospitals are experiencing a saline shortage. In times of emergency, medical supply chains break down too easily.
Influenza victims crowd into an emergency hospital near Fort Riley, Kansas in 1918.
AP Photo/National Museum of Health
Don't believe these 10 common myths about the 1918 Spanish flu.
Bats are the only mammals capable of true flight. Scientists believe flight may influence their immune responses to coronoviruses, which cause fatal diseases such as SARS and MERS in humans.
Scientific studies show that bats may carry "coronoviruses" causing SARS and MERS - without showing symptoms of disease. Could the bat immune system be key to human survival in future pandemics?
Every year in Canada, there is an average of 23,000 cases of lab-confirmed influenza, 12,000 people who need to be admitted to hospital and 3,500 flu deaths.
As influenza season begins in North America, many people wonder whether to get a flu shot. Our expert delves into the pros and cons of the vaccine and how it works.
Vaccines for the flu offer mediocre coverage compared with those for other diseases.
A better vaccine could have reduced the rates of flu, but not the high-dose Fluzone vaccine doctors were touting at the start of the week.
John Gerrard says a developed city like Sydney could not cope with an epidemic of the scale of the recent Ebola outbreak.
Speaking with: Dr. John Gerrard on infectious diseases.
The Conversation, CC BY-ND 23.2 MB (download)
William Isdale speaks to Dr. John Gerrard about the constant threat of infectious diseases and what we can do to prevent a deadly pandemic from establishing itself in Australia.
Medical workers move a woman, who is suspected of having Ebola, upon her arrival at Meioxeiro Hospital, in Vigo, northwestern Spain, 28 October 2015.
SALVADOR SAS (EPA)/ AAP
Professor Peter Doherty on infectious disease pandemics.
The Conversation, CC BY-ND 47.6 MB (download)
William Isdale speaks with the University of Melbourne's Professor Peter Doherty about infectious disease pandemics.
Computers may play an important role in preparing us for the next viral outbreak – whether flu or Ebola.
UW Institute for Protein Design
This antivirus software protects health, not computers. Researchers are beginning to combat deadly infections using computer-generated antiviral proteins – a valuable tool to fight a future pandemic.
When a man was diagnosed with Ebola in Dallas in 2014, workers cleared out the apartment unit where he had been staying.
President Trump wants to slash global health funding at a time when more investment is needed, not less. This spending can protect Americans – as well as foreigners – from deadly diseases.
Health workers during the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa. The Chinese view of and response to epidemics differs markedly from that developed in the West.
Not every country prepares for global health threats in the same way.
Mosquitoes could expand their reach if money for climate change research is cut.
Centers for Disease Control.
Malaria has long menaced the world, but gains have occurred. Those efforts could now be stymied by budget cuts, however. Here's how a disease that knows no borders could widen its deadly reach.
Actress and U.N. Population Fund Goodwill Ambassador Ashley Judd visited a refugee camp in Mafraq, Jordan in 2016.
AP Photo/Raad Adayleh
Contraception saves lives, and U.S. spending on it abroad had an unintended upside when it formed the backbone of early HIV prevention efforts.
Aedes aegypti, the Zika-carrying mosquito.
The Zika outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 continues on five continents, causing neurological disease and birth defects.
After the Spanish flu we didn’t see any new flu strains for forty years. Now novel strains are increasingly popping up.
How is it the flu has managed to stay around for so long, and why haven't we beaten it yet?
When governments delay releasing information about disease outbreaks, algorithms come to the rescue.
The avian influenza strain of bird flu is thought to spread across continents via wild migratory birds.
Functional early warning systems help countries respond to a disease before it spreads.