Articles on Peace and Security

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The idea that there’s a moral imperative for humans to expand beyond Earth is echoed by influential proponents of space exploration. Tamara Craiu/Flickr

To boldly go toward new frontiers, we first need to learn from our colonial past

Technology had enabled humans to explore the deep sea, the Earth's poles, and outer space. But we shouldn't forget historical lessons about frontiers in the process of traversing them.
ISIS fighters celebrating in Mosul, Iraq, in 2014. Criminological studies suggest terrorists would use diverse tactics to neutralise feelings of guilt. Reuters

How ISIS terrorists neutralise guilt to justify their atrocities

Do ISIS fighters feel guilty about the violence they perpetrate? Not likely, according to criminological research, which suggests terrorists "neutralise" their guilt, just as many other criminals do.
Um Radwan, a female fighter in the Free Syrian Army, looks through a curtain in Aleppo’s Bustan al-Basha district, October 3, 2013. Muzaffar Salman/ Reuters

In Syria, from fighting to blogging, the many roles of women

Encounters with Western countries continue to colour political discourses, including on gender in turbulent Syria. But women's influence is more diverse and powerful than what is portrayed.
Abdurrashim, 72, who served 12 years in detention for links to the communist party, attends a state-backed event on the controversial 1965 anti-communist purge. Reuters/Darren Whiteside

For reconciliation, Indonesians need to embrace a new understanding of the 1965 ‘anti-communist’ purge

For decades, Indonesia's official national history was silent about the murders and incarceration of hundred thousands of people. Moving beyond that will require a new understanding of what happened.
Violence in El Salvador is not perpetuated by the gangs alone. Reuters/Jose Cabezas

How El Salvador became the murder capital of the world

El Salvador stands at the centre of the current refugee crisis in Central America. But gang violence is not the only reason why its people are fleeing their country.
The Indian government risks a serious escalation of violence if the Pakistani government and militant groups in that country respond with even more attacks. Mukesh Gupta/Reuters

What escalating Kashmir attacks tell us about Modi’s changing foreign policy

As the latest attack on an Indian army camp shows, India's shift in policy from strategic restraint to preemptive self-defence is a serious gamble.
FARC members passing time, waiting for the peace negociations in a camp in Colombia. John Vizcaino/Reuters

From Peru to Colombia: the silenced voices of women fighters

Women's involvement in armed conflict in Peru and Colombia has a deep impact on societies. But peace processes and political aftermath rarely recognise their role.
Rouhani is caught between disappointed reformists and restless conservatives. Lucas Jackson/Reuters

In Iran, where have all the promises of moderation gone?

Once seen as a diplomatic victory, the nuclear deal of 2015 is now perceived as a failure by conservatives who reject President Rouhani's message of moderation as economic recovery remains elusive.
Martial Trezzeni/EPA

IPCC chair Hoesung Lee: we can meet 2°C global warming target if we act fast

Lee: 'Business will be far from usual in a world of four, five or six degrees of warming.'

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