Articles on Peace & Security

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Gambian refugees on a wooden boat. Thousands of Africans make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean each year hoping for a better life in Europe. Emma Farge/Reuters

Returning migrants to The Gambia: the political, social and economic costs

Gambia became a symbol for democratic change earlier this year when former dictator Yahya Jammeh was peacefully ousted through the ballot box. Now Europe wants its Gambian immigrants to return home.
National Super Alliance supporters demonstrating for the sacking of election officials involved in August’s cancelled presidential vote. Thomas Mukoya/Reuters

How Kenya’s political leaders are adding to the prolonged election crisis

Despite avenues for legal redress, the solution to Kenya’s constitutional crisis is political. The leadership on both sides of the political divide must reach an agreement for the sake of the nation.
A placard “leave the power” being held by a demonstrator during a protest against President Faure Gnassingbe in Lome. Noel Kokou Tadegnon/Reuters

Togo: will the people finally dethrone the Gnassingbé dynasty?

The seeds of discord that were planted in independent Togo have resulted in ethnic divisions, and a state that has long been ruled by family. But recent protests could mean things are about to change.
President Uhuru Kenyatta and contender Raila Odinga in happier times. The two are now embroiled in a bitter political contest. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

The thin line between electoral credibility and political stability in Kenya

Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.
In Africa mediation mandates are typically contained in resolutions passed by the UN the AU or sub-regional bodies that attempt to resolve conflicts. Tiksa Negeri/Reuters

Study on African mediation highlights the significance of the mandate

Mediation is common in Africa but there hasn't been enough emphasis on how it affects the outcome of peace negotiations.
Kenya’s Supreme Court judges preside before delivering the judgment that nullified last month’s presidential election Baz Ratner/Reuters

Kenya’s fresh election ruling: just another instalment in a highly contested process

Kenya's electoral commission faced many legal challenges before the general election, and yet another after the poll. But how will the Supreme Court's historic ruling impact the country's democracy?
Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga reacts after the Supreme Court declares the election invalid. Baz Ratner/Reuters

Kenya’s Supreme Court ruling and what it means for the country

Kenya's Supreme Court landmark ruling has opened the door to robust conversation around the country's nascent democracy, paving the way for rule of law and stronger institutions.
When Kenyans vote, ethnic conflict is never too far behind. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

How Kenya can make its ethnic democracy work

One way to diffuse the tension when Kenyans choose a head of state is to take that decision out of their hands. This could help achieve ethnic cohesion.

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