In Africa mediation mandates are typically contained in resolutions passed by the UN the AU or sub-regional bodies that attempt to resolve conflicts.
Mediation is common in Africa but there hasn't been enough emphasis on how it affects the outcome of peace negotiations.
By not acknowledging what Haitians themselves think they need, the UN is failing to sort out one of its worst ever blunders.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley.
A former US diplomat explains why some programs may make sense to cut, while others are crucial to America's moral standing.
South Africa’s army currently has about 80,000 active personnel.
Flickr/Spc. Taryn Hagerman, US. Army Africa
South Africa's army is in a dire situation because the government hasn't provided sufficient funding over the past two decades, hampering its ability to fulfil its duty.
Burundian refugees wait at the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kagunga village in Kigoma region, western Tanzania.
Several countries across Africa are overburdened by a lack of space and financial support for refugees.
Peacekeepers can offer a channel of communication between police and protesters.
Peacekeeping is not easy. But for South Africa's universities to begin working towards solutions, it is crucial that their communities give peace a chance.
South Sudan’s violent crisis is a refugee crisis too.
Even the UN Security Council's most stubborn members have committed to defending South Sudan's residents against violence.
Life in a refugee camp in Juba, South Sudan.
The violence and instability that wracks South Sudan is profoundly gendered.
Now that UN peacekeepers have left Liberia, the country has much work to do.
There's no doubt it was time for the United Nations mission in Liberia to end. But there are some gaps in the country's plan to move on without the men and women in blue helmets.
A medical centre for cholera victims in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The UN might now apologise for poisoning scores of Roma people in Kosovo – but its role in Haiti's cholera disaster still goes unacknowledged.
Robert Sobukwe developed the philosophy of African nationalism to even higher intellectual heights. The lesson for humanity was his ideological stand that there is only one race - the human race.
Form an orderly line.
One of the world's poorest and most unstable countries is in the midst of a remarkably hopeful election campaign.
South African National Defence Force soldiers help to unload maize for flood victims in.
The South African military's capabilities for socio-economic development are questionable, even in its own country. The force is in critical decline, but is expected to aid humanitarian efforts.
Some UN peacekeepers stand accused of sexual offences against children in the Central African Republic. An overhaul of the UN’s peacekeeping operations is needed to tackle the problem.
A UN report has found that in half of 12 country studies done on child sexual exploitation during armed conflict, the arrival of peacekeeping troops resulted in a rapid rise in child prostitution.
Above it all?
The UN has repeatedly failed to hold its personnel accountable for crimes committed in the field. But there are signs that could be changing at last.
To many Americans, it feels as if the world is becoming a more violent place. Besieged nightly with video of conflicts across the Afghanistan, Nigeria, the Middle East and Ukraine, it would be easy to…
I’d like to build the world a home…
The United Nations was born 70 years ago, emerging from the horrors of World War II. After the failure of its predecessor, the League of Nations, the UN heralded the dawn of a new era, with the promise…
UN peacekeepers are often too late to the scene to help.
The UN's peacekeeping efforts are all very well, but they take too long to mount and are unevenly spread across member states. It's time to build something less ad hoc.
Arms laid down: French president François Hollande visits Bangui.
The CAR is a phantom state that has barely existed for years. Even with a ten-way peace deal now signed, what future does it have?
French soldiers patrolling the streets of Paoua, Central African Republic.
Another leaked report details heinous heinous sexual crimes by UN peacekeepers – this time in the Central African Republic.