Swaziland is home to 73 white rhino.
Swaziland hoped to be allowed to legally trade rhino horns but the idea was rejected by vote at the CITES conference.
Markets and militarisation as responses to wildlife threats are dangerous because they often fail.
Military responses to combat poaching are a problem. They marginalise communities where poachers come from and can have longer term implications.
CITES has become the premier multilateral arrangement to tackle illegal wildlife trafficking.
The focus of CITES is not solely on the protection of species. It also promotes controlled trade that is not detrimental to the sustainability of wild species.
Rhino poaching in South Africa’s Kruger National Park has decreased this year but it has increased in other regions.
Initiatives to curb rhino poaching in the Kruger National Park has shown improvement compared to last year. But poaching in other parks has increased.
White rhino on Lake Nakuru in Kenya.
Rhino horn trade is a hotly contested topic. Proponents believe it can aid conservation efforts. But those in opposition believe it will cause poaching to increase.
Dehorning is practised on many South African private reserves and is seen as a way of deterring poachers.
A few national parks and reserves want to dehorn rhinos and there is a lobby for a regulated and closely monitored legal trade in rhino horn. But this is met by opposition from many.
Violence to protect rhinos in southern Africa’s peace parks is the complete opposite to what the parks were envisaged to stand for.
There are very violent confrontations in southern Africa's peace parks. This is partly due to a violent history dating back to the apartheid era that has never been adequately addressed.