Baker’s asthma is an occupational asthma that bakery employees develop after being exposed to cereal grains such as wheat, rye and yeast.
Bakery employees develop asthma when they are exposed to high levels of flour dust. Although there are international guidelines these are often not protective and badly implemented.
South Africa, despite its bold commitments to improve breastfeeding, does not have national data to monitor breastfeeding rates to ensure that its policies are being effective.
Testing and treatment is important in tackling HIV. But stigma and access need to be addressed too.
Taking antiretrovirals is key to reducing HIV infection rates, but the challenge lies in making sure people who know they are infected actually take the drugs.
Mobile technology can help people adhere to treatment regimes.
If hypertension patients don't take their medication regularly, they can't control this lifelong disease. Text message communication from clinics can help remind them.
An unacceptably high proportion of children in South Africa live in poor conditions.
Inequalities in the nutritional status of poor and rich have been mitigated through various social protection policies, but children in South Africa remain at risk of malnutrition.
A recent advert for South Africa’s Castle Lager.
Removing alcohol brands as sponsors of sports events could help reduce the trend of young people drinking.
The narrative around sexuality education is one of disease, danger and risk.
The messages that adolescents receive from sexuality education classes are frequently negative. It's time for the curriculum to become more empowering for learners and teachers.
In many rural areas, poor people are suffering from malnutrition, which takes the form of stunting and obesity. To change this, their food environments must change.
Hypertension is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, heart attacks, heart failure and peripheral vascular disease. And in the developing world, it is on the rise.
South African scientists have found a way to single out the problematic parts of the bacteria causing TB that results in drug resistance.
African scientists have developed and patented a test for TB that overcomes two major challenges with current methods: it delivers quick results and is much cheaper.
In South Africa, many child homicides are the result of children being abandoned.
The high rate of child homicides in South Africa shows that reproductive, mental health and social services are failing to help vulnerable mothers.
Women should attend antenatal clinics in the first trimester of their pregnancies and regularly thereafter to avoid complications during childbirth.
Early antenatal care allows for early detection of HIV, a contributor to maternal mortality, as well as the treatment of other potentially life-threatening conditions associated with pregnancy.
Hand, foot and mouth disease may not be a public health priority, but parents and caregivers at day-care centres should still be careful about its spread.
Uncollected rubbish provides food and shelter for rodents which can spread plague if they pick up the bacteria.
Plague, one of the deadliest diseases in the world, has been reported in several African countries in the past decade.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
In South Africa, female sex workers go for HIV tests, receive counselling and use condoms – but don't access antiretroviral treatments. More options are now available and can change this.
Understanding what causes diseases is a life-and-death matter. It is a complicated issue that has generated a great deal of debate in the medical community.
There is an urgent need to generate robust evidence that shows how the social determinants of health influence people’s abilities to protect themselves against health risks.
Interacting with communities can provide health planners with critical information that can help them solve health challenges in specific areas.
An x-ray image of a miner’s lungs.
For thousands of miners who have developed silicosis from years of work on South Africa's gold mines, a landmark court case will change their lives.
Smoking, excessive drinking, not exercising or eating unhealthy foods leads to lifestyle diseases.
Doctors in South Africa have not been doing enough counselling of people who drink, smoke, don't exercise and eat badly on ways to change their lifestyles.