If fighting continues and controversial policies are not reversed, it's only a matter of time before full scale fighting breaks out again in South Sudan.
Combat could be on the cards for the first time in over 70 years.
Even the UN Security Council's most stubborn members have committed to defending South Sudan's residents against violence.
Governments often have limited knowledge of chemical production as it is the preserve of the private sector. Often these facilities are not as well secured as government facilities.
South Sudanese living in the ACT are facing racism when job seeking and can't get employment in roles for which they have professional qualifications.
The violence and instability that wracks South Sudan is profoundly gendered.
Getting assistance to populations in need demands new ways of doing development that are smarter, faster and more efficient.
While 60-77% of migrants of African origin and 59% of Indigenous Australians report experience of discrimination in the Scanlon Foundation survey of Australian attitudes, optimism endures.
Economic growth alone won't end hunger. Good policies and programmes are needed, too. Scientists and researchers have a role to play in these initiatives.
South Sudan is a country where conflict is rife. This has had a knock-on effect on the country's rich and varied fauna, and put conservation programmes in severe crisis.
Betrayed by corrupt mismanagement and personalised leadership, the world's youngest country is in danger of total collapse.
Despite President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar’s calls for calm, hundreds have been killed and thousands displaced in renewed fighting in Juba.
South Sudan is not the only oil-dependent country suffering from the fall in oil prices. Nigeria and Angola are also having difficulties. One solution is for them to diversify their economies.
Countries like Rwanda have shown that regional integration can enhance growth and reduce poverty. South Sudan should follow its lead in its engagement with the East African Community.
A growing field of policy analysis now focuses on reducing armed violence. Remarkable consensus has emerged at high policy levels around the basic elements of an approach to reduce violence.
Quality higher education is crucial for recovery, peace-building, economic development and stronger governance in post-conflict societies.
The Sudanese government and its armed opposition are both unhappy with the ceasefire they signed. Senior military officers have also publicly voiced their disapproval of the induced deal.
If John Garang could see the state of South Sudan today, he would be appalled.
South Sudan's independence in 2011, which ended half a century of deadly conflict, was met with much praise. But a descent into civil war has led to dismay and suggests fresh thinking is required.
Africa's youngest country has been at war for 18 months, and its people are paying the price. Its neighbours and supporters aren't happy.