Targets and initiatives are a start but both men and women already in the field need to offer a helping hand.
John Glenn stands in the NASA mailroom surrounded by thousands of letters sent to him.
John Glenn Archives, The Ohio State University.
Letters from would-be girl astronauts in the 1960s tell part of the complicated story of sexism – in both NASA and the US at large – at the dawn of the space age.
Let’s see how this works.
Cockrell School of Engineering, University of Texas at Austin
Most people have a very limited understanding of what engineers do – and we engineers don't do a good job of expanding that view. But if we did, the benefits could be impressive.
Prof Emma Johnston at the Sydney Institute of Marine Science has always reported to a male supervisor, never a female.
Maja Baska/UNSW AUSTRALIA
Men still outnumber women in senior positions in Australian universities and other workplaces. Women are pushing for change but it's men who can help redress the gender balance.
We can all reach for the stars in The Milky Way over Western Australia.
The drive the get more women involved in science should start at an early age. But as one space researcher found out, girls can get nudged out of science at school.
Women need more role models in senior positions to help keep them in STEM careers.
Attracting women to careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is one issue, keeping them there is another.
Professor Amivi Kafui Tete-Benissan (left) teaches cell biology and biochemistry at the University of Lomé, in the capital of Togo.
Stephan Gladieu/World Bank/Flickr
Getting more women into science, technology, engineering and maths fields is a process that involves many parts of a society. Several African countries are setting the pace.
Osgood is one of the many female scientists depicted working alongside the Doctor.
How does one of the world's most iconic science fiction television series depict women doing science?
Tanya Monro (left), Emma Johnston (centre) and Nalini Joshi (right) at the National Press Club.
National Press Club of Australia
If we want a genuine ideas boom in Australia, then we need to remove the barriers preventing women from reaching the highest levels in science.
Women scientists are far more common today than they were in the early 1900s.
Reuters/National Photo Company Collection/Library of Congress
Women have come a long way in science, but plenty of work remains. After all, gender bias in science doesn't happen in a vacuum.
Evidence shows science benefits from having researchers from both genders and a wide range of backgrounds.
It's fitting that on International Women's Day we recognise the fact that greater diversity in science boosts research and its economic outcomes.
Plenty more needs doing to help plug the gender gap in science.
The push to bridge the gender gap and encourage more women and girls into a career in science gets the backing of the United Nations special day.
Enough! There is a way to end the harassment of women in science.
The public outing of a number of high profile scientists in sexual harassment cases shows the current system of protecting women isn't working. But there is a solution.
Ada Lovelace circa 1842, daguerreotype by Antoine Claudet.
Reproduced by permission of G C Bond
This extraordinary individual defied the constraints of her time and gave a remarkable and farseeing account of computation.
Malcolm Turnbull has now announced his strategy to promote innovation and science in Australia.
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull today announced the National Innovation and Science Agenda (NISA). Here's what it means for science, commercialisation and industry in Australia.
Bright ideas need help to come to fruition.
Innovation is all the rage, but it require real reform to promote. Here are five things we could do to improve innovation in Australia.
Women are the key to encouraging more female academics to seek promotions.
Men outnumber women almost two-to one in senior academic positions in Australia's universities. But there is a way that female academics can play a vital role in bridging that gap.
A new plan will help women ascend to the highest levels in academia.
Women are just as successful as men at winning grants, but there are far fewer of them applying. The ARC's new Gender Equality Action Plan aims to redress that.
How much do hiring decisions in academia factor in the gender of the applicant?
Files image via www.shutterstock.com.
Previous research found a preference in academia for hiring stellar female candidates over stellar male candidates for STEM jobs. A new study investigated what happens if applicants aren't as evenly matched.
© Johan Persson
The new 'science play' Photograph 51 is hot on the heels of a host of others, including Stoppard's The Hard Problem. Why are audiences attracted to these right now?