The drought in Cape Town has taught the city some valuable lessons.
Cape Town is testing new strategies to nudge domestic users into reducing their water use.
Day Zero will be the start of active water rationing when taps will be cut off and people will have to go to collection sites.
Global examples show South Africa that desalination could increase water output.
Cape Town's new water map shows users who are within the water restriction limit.
It’s important for the city of Cape Town to inspire residential trust in water restrictions. Without this, the harsh effects of the drought will be exacerbated.
Desalination has been proposed as one of many strategies to deal with the water shortages. But the process is known to be expensive and harmful to the environment.
Early warning signs of a pending drought are difficult to recognise but cities will have to be better prepared for prolonged changes in weather patterns, so that it can respond quickly.
Windhoek can teach Cape Town on dealing with drought. Technology alone is not enough.
Building resilience in Cape Town's water sector will require addressing risks like climate change, drought and flooding. Stormwater and groundwater are tipped as potential solutions.
Older people require both psychological and nutritional support during drought and famine. Kenya needs to implement a comprehensive public health response that assists during emergency situations.
Drought is a problem in South Africa and it affects farmers. As a result, farmers and government are working together to develop strategies.
Understanding how drought is impacting on livelihoods and local governments can help in the development of longer term climate adaptation responses.