Young women who attended the International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
The focus of the 2016 International AIDS Conference has on access to necessary antiretrovirals, equity and making sure no-one is left behind. But there is a funding gap that needs to be addressed.
PrEP works by preventing susceptible cells becoming infected with HIV. Truvada blocks the HIV virus from making copies of itself.
Efficacy is estimated to be as high as 99% in men who have sex with men who take Truvada daily.
If the vaginal ring becomes available for commercial use it will become one of the tools in the HIV prevention toolbox for women alongside female condoms and daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.
HIV services are not geared towards men even though they make up two-thirds of the HIV-related deaths globally.
Although men make up two-thirds of HIV-related deaths, there are not enough services geared towards helping them.
Advances in HIV treatment have turned it into a chronic, but manageable, illness. In this photo: Artist Damien Hirst’s ‘Where there’s a will there’s a way,’ which shows antiretroviral drugs in a medicine cabinet, is seen as it is displayed at a gallery in New York, February 4 2008.
Thanks to treatment advances, people with HIV can and do live long and full lives. And that has led to a challenge that doctors and patients may not have imagined 35 years ago: the aging HIV patient.
South Africa’s successes in HIV treatment have been marred by challenges in improving HIV prevention methods.
With nearly one-fifth of the globe's HIV positive population, South Africa has the largest anti-retroviral program in the world. But HIV prevention still presents a big challenge for the country.
Telling people to use a condom won’t prevent HIV because some women can’t convince their partner to use them.
Used properly and consistently, condoms are the most effective, affordable, and low-tech way to prevent HIV. But unfortunately, condoms are not an easy option for everyone – particularly women.
Australians at risk of acquiring HIV have limited means to get the HIV prevention drug.
A pill a day can prevent HIV, but there's no guarantee Australians will get access to this intervention anytime soon.
No mother wants to pass a disease to her child.
Image of mother and newborn via www.shutterstock.com.
New York’s achievements have provided a beacon of hope as well as a road map that has been successfully tailored to the needs of resource-poor settings throughout the world.
PrEP drugs to prevent people contracting HIV mustn't disrupt existing sexual health strategies.
US First Lady Michelle Obama visits a centre in Botswana that supports young people affected by HIV. Botswana has one of the highest HIV infection rates in the world.
This study appears to be the first causal evidence that formal education and reduced HIV infection rates go hand in hand.
Indonesia is forcing people with drug dependence problems to go into rehab.
Indonesia's war on drugs aims to protect the country's young generation from an alleged "national drug emergency." But the government's coercive approach is harming the people it wishes to protect.
Early HIV treatment is a win-win strategy.
Starting HIV treatment early, before immune damage occurs, brings real clinical benefits, a new study has shown.
Since the start of the new millennium, South Africa has had to contend with an HIV epidemic and a set of confused policies to address it.
South Africa's maternal mortality rate rose dramatically after 1998, almost doubling to 302 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2009.
Needle exchanges don’t put more syringes on the streets. In this photo a clean syringes chart is shown at the Aids Center of Queens County needle exchange outreach center in New York in 2006.
Officials in Indiana would have served the population better if syringe exchanges had been in place before the upsurge in HIV cases began.
PrEP is a game-changer for couples where one person is HIV positive, allowing natural conception with minimal risk.
A new pill available could enable people living with HIV to conceive children through sex without risking the health of their HIV-negative partner.
It’s better to build a fence at the top of a cliff than spend a fortune on ambulances and treatment facilities to care for all those who fall.
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