Rampasasa people are from Waemulu village, Flores – near Liang Bua where ‘the Hobbit’ fossils were discovered.
Dean Falk, Florida State University
Modern day people of short stature became physically small due to the effects of living on a small island or forested environment. But we're not sure why "the Hobbit" of Flores was so small.
Looking for food, water and maybe adventure?
Conquer the globe? You bet we did – but when did it start? A new paper shows early humans made tools in China two million years ago.
Just like us, but different: recently-discovered
Homo sapiens fossils have a modern face, but an ancient brain case.
Philipp Gunz, MPI EVA Leipzig
New paired research papers have pushed back by 100,000 years the time frame in which humans (Homo sapiens) are thought to have lived in Africa.
Eoanthropus dawsoni, or the Piltdown Man, never really existed.
One of paleontology's most notorious hoaxes has long been blamed on a serial forger named Charles Dawson. But might a Jesuit priest have been in on a joke that went wrong ?
The earliest hominin cancer.
Patrick Randolph-Quinney (University of Central Lancashire/University of the Witwatersrand)
Cancer is not the modern disease many believe it to be. New fossil evidence from two South African caves suggests that its origins lie deep in prehistory.
Volume rendered image of the external morphology of the foot bone shows the extent of expansion of the primary bone cancer beyond the surface of the bone.
Patrick Randolph-Quinney (UCLAN)
Cancer is a deadly disease and would have been particularly lethal before the recent development of effective treatments. So why didn’t it – or our susceptibility to it – die out long ago?
Scientists get their teeth into A. deyiremeda fossils.
Credit: Laura Dempsey
A completely new human ancestor dating back to 3.5– 3.3 million years ago has been discovered.
The oldest-known stone tool: made by a human ancestor or a chimp?
Discovery of 3.3m-year old stone tools in Kenya are the oldest-known manufactured artefacts.
Excavating stone artifacts that date from 3.3 million years ago in Kenya.
Stone tools excavated in Kenya date back 3.3 million years – making them about a million years older than the oldest known fossils from our own hominid genus Homo. Who made and used these tools?
Very few people today live a true hunter-gatherer lifestyle – and Paleo diets likely oversimplify what would have been on the table many millennia ago.
Reconstructions of human evolution are prone to simple, overly-tidy scenarios. Our ancestors, for example, stood on two legs to look over tall grass, or began to speak because, well, they finally had something…