Islamic writers are having the same conversations today as they were in the early 20th century.
A mosaic of King Roger II: we should celebrate his 12th-century example of inter-cultural collaboration.
Matthias Süßen/Wikimedia commons
A new production of the opera King Roger will open this week. At a time when Europe was charged with fear of the 'Muslim threat', this 12th century king collaborated with an Islamic scholar on an extraordinary project.
Beards: powering tech startups since 813 AD.
Many "modern" inventions actually have precedents dating back over 1000 years.
Calls for Islamic reform overlook the political motivations of extremism, and attack fundamental religious practices.
Calls for a reformed, modern Islam will not combat the political and social motivations that underly radical and extremist ideologies.
A masked man gestures before the ISIL flag in a video released by Islamic State militants.
Militants are tapping into centuries-old literary tastes, appropriating them for their own nefarious ends.
The moderate majority of Muslims need to claim Islam as a religion of peace to counter the loud voices of extremists.
A struggle is underway for the heart and soul of Islam. Moderate Muslims need to engage in the contest to ensure their view of Islam is the one that prevails.
Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, as self-declared caliph, seeks to exploit the historical resonance of the caliphate for a brutal present-day cause.
The Caliphate has inspired disputes among Muslims for centuries, but attempts at revival in modern times are unlikely to succeed. Most of the world's Muslims would not accept its authority over them.