Education and awareness about gender identity and sexual orientation are crucial.
Many people use religion and culture as explanations for their homophobic attitudes.
Teachers need support and education so they can discuss and promote sexuality equality.
Sexual equality should not be mere letters and words in laws. Rather, people - in this case student teachers - must understand sexual equality as a lived reality.
People take to the street to celebrate the annulment of an anti-homosexuality law by Uganda’s constitutional court in Entebbe last year.The law was signed by the east African country’s President Yoweri Museveni earlier.
South Africa, whose constitution protects gay rights, is well positioned to defend the continent’s LGBTI citizens. But it is reluctant to take positions at odds with the majority of African states.
Some students say they are too frightened to bring a same-sex partner back to their residence.
How do lesbian, bisexual and gay students experience life in a South African university residence? Sadly, with a great deal of fear.
Uganda has come under pressure over its anti-homosexual laws.
For more than a century there has been tension between the ideas that our sexuality is essential, and the idea that we have the potential to act out a far greater range of sexual desires and identities than we do in practice.
A wide diversity of sexuality is normal – and fun.
Mate choice is one of the most highly selected traits in any animal. Just ask a fruitfly, which devotes a large share of its genes to choosing and attracting a mate.
Activists attend Uganda’s first gay pride parade at the Entebbe Botanical Gardens in Kampala, Uganda, in August 2012.
Science shows that thinking about sexuality in a binary fashion of hetero/homosexual is no longer accurate. Rather, evidence shows that there is a diversity of human sexuality and sexual orientations.
Sexual orientation is more complicated than X and Y chromosome. Epigenetics has a greater role to play.
Scientific evidence shows that same-sex orientation is determined before you are born.
Members of a breakaway faction of the Anglican Church in Zimbabwe protest against homosexuality.
Attitudes and laws about homosexuality are not purely a colonial import. Since independence, other factors, including right-wing evangelism, have driven anti-LGBTI attitudes.
Criminalisation does little to change behaviour, while actively contributing to increased stigma.
Homosexuality remains illegal in 38 of 55 African nations. This is concerning from ethical and human rights perspectives. It's also a serious public health risk.