The particular brand of masculinity promoted by Africa's influential male church leaders tends to devalue women, re-inscribe male domination.
Complementarianism is the view – held by some Australian churches – that men and women have separate and divinely ordained roles: men are 'spiritual leaders' while women are 'helpmeets'.
New research has found that LGBT Christians and pastors alike must grapple with difficult spiritual questions.
Religious conversion sometimes has the added bonus of upward social mobility. But for many in South Africa's Indian community it had the opposite effect.