After South Africa's first democratic election in 1994, the previously oppressed and dispossessed black majority hoped for constitutional restitution of their land. This has largely failed.
The judgment recognises that religion plays a large role in South African society. The right to follow a religion is embedded in the constitution. This means that South Africa isn't a secular state.
Sexual equality should not be mere letters and words in laws. Rather, people - in this case student teachers - must understand sexual equality as a lived reality.
South Africa's problem is that its constitution is a perfect brochure of the nation it aspires to be. But the contractors entrusted with its future have an entirely different project in mind.