Articles sur Axa Research Fund (English)

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Konik ponies graze in Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire. The UK National Trust used TESSA to calculate that each hectare of the fen was worth US$200 more per year as wetland than as farmland. Gailhampshire/Flickr

TESSA: a practical tool to measure the impact of protecting biodiversity

The Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA) allows NGOs to quantify the economic advantages of maintaining ecosystems, helping preserve biodiversity by putting a value on it.
Montse Barado, casa Armengol (Sorpe). In summer, once a week, cattle ranchers and shepherds climb to the communal lands to have a look at the animals and give them some salt. David Tarrasón i Cerdá,

Taking back the hills: a tale of women rights and lands in the Catalan Pyrenees

In the Catalan Pyrenees, women shepherds and cattle ranchers try to valorise the ancestral agropastoral culture to save the mountains from climate change.
French startup LightOn is currently on working on developing light-powered technologies. Dmitriy Rybin / Shutterstock

Light, a possible solution for a sustainable AI

Hardware could exploit the properties of scattered light so that computations happen at high speed and with low power consumption.
The aftermath of the Brumadinho dam collapse, which took place on January 25, 2019, in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Vinícius Mendonça/Ibama

Eyes in the sky: How satellites can monitor infrastructure health

Population growth is creating a huge demand for infrastructure, even as environmental risks grow. To detect problems early, satellites can provide rich data to help assess infrastructure "health".
Osteoporosis affects one in three women, but men are also concerned. Shutterstock

Could the solution to osteoporosis be in the bile?

There is no treatment for osteoporosis, which affects millions of people and costs billions of euros every year. What if the solution was in the bile? Explanations.
Soldiers stand guard near coffins containing the bodies of victims of an explosion that took place inside a catholic cathedral, in southern island of Mindanao on January 28, 2019. NICKEE BUTLANGAN / AFP

Why is peace failing in the Philippines?

After a civil conflict, within five years the majority of modern peace agreements fail. What is causing these negotiated settlements to fall apart?
Shrimp cocktail: Tasty to some, potentially deadly for others. Legoktm/Wikimedia

Shellfish allergies: can they be treated?

Alongside with milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soybeans and fish, shellfish are one of the eight allergens that account for 90% of food-related allergic reactions. What if a vaccine could exist?
Many cities have plans in place to adapt to or mitigate the effects of climate change. But are they credible? An ongoing study looks into the question. David Blackwell/Flickr

Are our cities effectively planning for climate change?

In the fight against climate change, cities are now seen as having a major role to play. An ongoing study examines the effectiveness of the adaptation and mitigation plans of 126 coastal cities.
A gilets jaunes “yellow vest” protester on the Champs Elysees avenue in Paris takes a photograph using his mobile phone (December 8, 2018). Zakaria Abdelkafi/AFP

Debate: The ‘gilets jaunes’ movement is not a Facebook revolution

There’s an orderly fashion to so-called disruptive "manifestations", as they’re called in French. But the "gilets jaunes" didn’t follow the rules. So who exactly broke the rules?
Bejing. Bird flu is transmitted in various ways and the process needs to be studied in depth. Sojourner in a Strange Land/Flicker

Bird flu: are viruses still in the air?

A scientific question fascinates experts : under which conditions can bird flu virus be transmitted to humans by aerial particles, and what will be the consequences for those who aren’t immune?

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