Afrikaans is very much a black language. The apartheid government's ploy to construct it as a "white language", with a "white history", denied the commonality of the language across race and class.
Facebook has a new, depressingly incompetent strategy for tackling fake news.
A Russian media expert spent the weekend consuming Russian coverage of America's response to the chemical attacks in Syria.
Portugal used radio propaganda in its colonies in the 1960s against local liberation movements. Decades later there are still lessons to be learned for occupying armies from their failed strategies.
Newly-discovered scripts reveal the public hopes, dreams and fears of prisoners in the World War II Jewish ghetto at Theresienstadt.
Was a forged document responsible for the defeat of Mark Antony and the rise of Rome's first emperor?
Unrestricted access to information is vital to a vibrant democracy.But if this information is inaccurate, biased or falsified, the fundamental freedom of informed choice is denied.
When a search query is loaded with implicit false assumptions, Google's results don't always promote the truth.
Media misinformation is hardly new. But social media amplifies it and makes it harder to correct.
How can journalists resist a master media manipulator, reach local communities and sift through fake news and propaganda? Media experts explore the challenges of covering the next administration.
NatWest's decision to close RT accounts may not be the right move to win the information war against Russia.
A volunteer force that provides humanitarian aid in the worst of conditions, the White Helmets are the target of some very caustic conspiracy theory.
Europe's efforts to counter Russian propaganda may need to be stepped up.
How Hitler's Germany, fascist Italy and other authoritarian states tried to win friends and influence people.
South Africa's parastatals are in a dire state. Instead of being the mandated sites of development and profitability, they are costing the public purse billions and have been abused.
There were high hopes that the SABC would become a true public broadcaster after the end of apartheid when it was used ruthlessly as a propaganda machine. But those hopes have since been dashed.
How Stalin and his successors maintained an iron grip on power.
Islamic State uses propaganda to coax its enemies into misguided politico-military and strategic communications efforts.
China's Confucius Institutes given foreigners a chance to learn more about the country. Africa must be careful that its universities' partnerships with Confucius Institutes don't create dependency.
Talk of a 'clash of civilisations' and targeting refugees simply alienates the people the West needs to reach out to.