The 20th-century philosopher Hannah Arendt wrote how refugees, in the absence of legal rights, were forced to live in a state of 'absolute lawlessness.' Her words matter today.
The fact Jeremy Corbyn spoke to a Communist spy posing as a diplomat in the 1980s does not make him a Communist agent. Many politicians and diplomats were tricked into similar meetings.
Witch-finders of early modern Europe and modern Africa made themselves indispensable by showing people a threat of a growing crisis of threatening evil.
When floods hit the toe of Italy, children were sent away, often for years.
During the war, fear of being undermined by the enemy sparked restrictions on freedom of speech. As a result, thousands of Americans were prosecuted.
In this new world where its lost thousands of votes does South Africa's ruling ANC know who it is, how to be in opposition, or how it might fight its way back to winning ways?