Brain damage linked to concussions in football can resemble that found in elderly and comatose patients but there may be ways to prevent it so the sport continues. Toronto Argonauts’ Jeffrey Finley, left, rushes to take down Calgary Stampeders’ quarterback Bo Levi Mitchell in this August file photo.
( THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh)
Concussions in football and other contact sports correlate with severe, long-term brain damage — but science shows it doesn't have to be that way.
There are benefits to sport participation, and it is important for parents to be aware of concussion risks, how to avoid them, and the signs when they may have occurred.
As students return to school and prepare to join sports teams, here's what they and their parents need to know about concussions.
Youngsters leave a football field in 2015 after playing at halftime at a game between the Buffalo Bills and the Carolina Panthers.
AP Photo/Bill Wippert
A recent study that showed that 110 of 111 brains of deceased NFL players had a serious brain disease raised concerns once again about concussions. But there's a lot we still need to know.
Michelle Vansickle, center, of Flowery Branch, Ga., during a youth football safety clinic March 18, 2014, in Alpharetta, Ga.
AP Photo/Jason Getz
A study of the brains of 111 NFL players after their deaths showed that 110 had degenerative brain disease. Here are some expert analyses of what can be done to stop brain injury from sports.
People with traumatic brain injuries, say after a car accident or an assault, can have behavioural problems long after their physical injuries have healed.
Survivors of traumatic brain injuries might have behavioural issues or have problems holding down a job for years after a blow to the head or a bad fall.
Injuries to the throwing arm of young baseball players have been increasing for years. Studies that assess pitch count are helping, but there are also actions that parents and coaches can take.
Soccer player on artificial turf.
Artificial turf has become popular for kids' sports as well as for professional players. The little black crumbs that help support the blades of fake grass may not be so harmless.
Young rugby players have a higher risk of sustaining a concussion and take longer to recover from the injury.
Parents play a vital role in managing concussions when their children play rugby.
A mother from suburban Atlanta attending an educational session about concussions with Falcons fullback Patrick DiMarco in 2014.
The Super Bowl is a good time to party and celebrate, but it's also a good time to reflect on where we stand culturally with concussions.
Helmets like this that absorb impact are used in the NFL, but not in high school.
As many as half a million concussions in youth go unreported each year. Finding a way to measure whether a hit has occurred on the field is an important way to address these injuries.
A hit to the head can cause short-term learning problems.
With summer camps in session and kids riding bikes and being active, it's important to know the signs of concussions; as many as 65 percent go unreported. Here are some things you need to know.
Is a warning enough?
The evidence that football leads to brain injury is mounting, but there are two big reasons why it's not likely to change anytime soon.
At the youth level, the long-term effects of football hits aren’t known.
Brian J. McDermott/flickr
When pro football players like Chris Borland quit, it should send a strong message to parents. But there are a host of issues, besides health, to consider.
Floyd Mayweather, Jr and Manny Pacquiao will face off on Saturday.
A perfect storm of personalities, demand and money has created unprecedented hype. How should the media respond?
Return-to-learn is a critical part of concussion recovery for kids.
Students via www.shutterstock.com.
Return-to-learn plans can help students get back to school work without setting back their concussion recovery.
It may be that the seemingly inhumane aim of causing your opponent to lose consciousness by punching them separates boxing from other sports.
The death of a 23-year-old boxer has prompted a call by the Queensland branch of the Australian Medical Association for the sport to be banned in Australia.
England players crunch into a tackle during the 2014 Six Nations.
The Six Nations tournament has put the sport's handling of head injuries into an uncomfortable spotlight.
Many former NFL players face the future with despair: the years after retirement can include an array of physical and financial woes.
USA Today Sports/Reuters
The cascade of woes that have befallen former NFL players has stunned fans and casual observers. Former NFL stars Junior Seau and Dave Duerson committed suicide. All-pro Warren Sapp went bankrupt after…
Is there more to the concussion crisis than what the science can tell us?
The sports media has a fascination with concussions. Not only is there a huge volume of stories about the issue, but there’s also an urgency to the tone of the reporting. The heightened coverage has served…
Watch your head.
Soccer players via Wallenrock/Shutterstock.
This fall, the deaths of three high school football players were linked to direct head injuries on the field of play and one collegiate football player’s death has been potentially attributed to unresolved…