Felix Tshisekedi may have clinched DRC's presidency but the road ahead won't be a smooth one.
Referenda have their place in democracy, but can also be misused.
The DRC could be the exception after a year in which opposition parties fared badly across East and Central Africa.
Mali has had a tumultuous 2018, and 2019 might not be any better.
Surveys shows that the majority of Africans prefer democracy, despite its flaws, to the alternatives.
It's been an eventful year for the Democratic Republic of Congo as the country prepares for elections.
The ANC has lost so much support among its traditional voters it's now forced to look beyond them to retain power.
Can Obiageli Katryn Ezekwesili become the next Nigerian president?
Electoral support by trade union federation Cosatu has been a huge asset for South Africa's governing ANC.
Incumbent Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta will be Mali's next president but an unremarkable first term, and a flawed election, could put a dent in his legacy.
Zimbabwe's new president promised to deliver the country citizens want but the nation remains on edge.
Nigerians go to the polls in 2019 in an election that the incumbent Muhammadu Buhari wants to win by any means necessary.
Emmanuel Shadary is President Joseph Kabila's preferred presidential candidate meaning that Kabila could remain in power if not in office.
If the MDC-Alliance claims Zanu-PF and Zimbabwe's electoral commission rigged the elections, the onus is on them to prove it.
In Africa, biased media coverage is one of the reasons voters have little faith in credible elections.
Zimbabweans face a complicated array of choices at the polls.
It's the final lap before Zimbabwe's first election since the fall of Robert Mugabe. The jury is out on who will win the presidency.
Mali faces huge challenges. Through the upcoming presidential election, Malians will tell the next president what they will and won't accept for their future.
Zimbabwe's upcoming elections potentially marks the start of a new order in the country, where the stakes are extremely high.
Jean-Pierre Bemba is a man with a past. Once accused of crimes against humanity, he is now making a play for the DRC's presidency.