A pair of identical twins. The one on the right has OCD, while the one on the left does not.
Brain Imaging Research Division, Wayne State University School of Medicine
It can be very hard for people to accept that they – or their family member – are not to blame for their mental illness. Seeing the evidence in a scan can make a difference.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain characterised by recurrent seizures.
Epilepsy affects around 70 million people globally, 80% live in developing countries. A shortage of specialists, equipment and drugs complicates effective treatment and management.
Out-of-body experiences are also more common among those with autism.
Brain chemicals could explain some of these experiences, but so could bullying and social isolation.
Simpler animal models can give researchers a much clearer picture of human diseases.
MRI of grey matter with intracranial electrodes resting on the medial frontal cortex.
Our brains may be slower at making decisions than computers, but there is a massive evolutionary benefit to this tardiness.
A variety of medical marijuana strains are seen at a dispensary in Denver in 2011.
With restrictions to cannabis loosening at the state level, research is badly needed to get the facts in order.
Food-borne diseases will continue to thrive unless Africa's meat inspection programmes are upgraded.
The next generation of neuroprosthetics could communicate directly with the brain to tackle diseases such as epilepsy and blindness.
A computer model of the brain that can help us find out how the real thing works.
The brain is the most complex organ and system know to humans. It helps to create a computer model of one to find out how things work, and why things go wrong.
Neuropathic pain often doesn’t respond to common painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol.
Lyrica, the brand name for a medicine called pregabalin, is an anti-epileptic drug most commonly used to treat chronic nerve pain - a type of pain caused by abnormality in, or damage to, the nerves.
Severe seizures in young children can be terrifying, but they can be managed.
Dravet syndrome, first identified by French psychiatrist and epileptologist Charlotte Dravet over 30 years ago, is severe pediatric epilepsy.
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions in the world.
Saying someone has epilepsy is a little like saying they're ill. Its cause can vary from a brain tumour to an inherited genetic condition, the consequence of injury or a disorder affecting the brain.
Prize winners together – Ingrid Scheffer and Samuel Berkovic.
The Prime Minister’s Prizes for Science – awarded at Parliament House in Canberra tonight – recognise excellence in science and science teaching. This year, we asked four prizewinners to reflect on their…
Prize winners – Sam Berkovic and Ingrid Scheffer.
Two researchers have shared the 2014 Prime Minister’s Prize for Science for their long-standing partnership on cracking the…
Researchers have developed a method for “silencing” neurons using an external light source. Research done by the Massachusetts…
A new study suggests the treatment pregnant women receive for epilepsy does not adversely affect their offspring. The study…
Let’s say Martians land on the Earth and wish to understand more about humans. Someone hands them a copy of the Complete Works of Shakespeare and says: “When you understand what’s in there, you will understand…
Pregnant women taking the epilepsy drug valproate risk having a baby with severe birth defects. Researchers at the University…
New genetic mutations which cause severe epilepsy have been identified. Analysing 4,000 genomes from epilepsy patients, two…
Feeling fruity: the amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum forms ‘fruiting bodies’
Many therapeutic drugs and toxins affect us without us knowing exactly how. We know, for example, that Epilim, or sodium valproate, one of the most highly prescribed medicines for epilepsy can prevent…