This undated score, written by Joseph Mohr and titled ‘Weynachts Lied’ (‘Christmas Carol’), is the earliest known surviving copy of ‘Silent Night.’
Two hundred years ago, an Austrian priest teamed up with a schoolteacher to perform the first rendition of 'Silent Night.' Little did they know that it would one day be sung in over 300 languages.
Magnus Hirschfeld, on the right, sits with his partner, Tao Li, at the fourth conference of the World League for Sexual Reform in 1932.
Physician Magnus Hirschfeld advocated for those he called 'sexual intermediaries.' His activism began before World War I – and ended only when the Nazis came to power.
Jean-Baptiste Belley, Deputy of Saint-Domingue and French National Convention member (1793-97) with a bust of Abbé Raynal.
Some today declare that "Western civilisation" is something we should all be simply “for”. But the enlightenment, central to this civilisation, shows how things are rarely so simple.
Ugandan Asian family at Tonfanau Camp, April 1973.
Jim Arnould, Nova
Camps of the 20th century were focused on resettlement. Today, the focus is on confining movement and deportation. What changed?
Ukrainian protesters with the European Union flag in Maidan Square, Kiev, 2014.
After a century of debate, Europe still hasn't figured out how to deal with its giant of a neighbour.
Nationalists demonstrate in support of the controversial new Holocaust law.
Criminalising suggestions that Poland was complicit in German atrocities during World War II denies history and will hinder scholarship.
Two revolutions, 400 years apart, set in chain processes that claimed millions of lives.
Russian defense minister during the Victory Day military parade in Moscow.
In the 19th century, Russian intellectuals launched a search for historical evidence of their moral and military superiority. What they found drives what today some call "Russian aggression."
Agricultural Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois, circa 1893.
University of Maryland Digital Collections
An anthropologist tells the story of how Columbus actually came close to falling into historical obscurity, until American hubris got in the way.
Sky Atlantic/©2017 Home Box Office, Inc
All men must die, so the young women have grown up to take control.
They are too well-behaved on Westeros – real-life queens often resorted to tears, temper tantrums and toilet humour.
German journalist and novelist Theodor Fontane.
Theodor Fontane was a German newspaper's England correspondent – who reported 'from' London without leaving his Berlin desk.
The Treaty of Rome was signed at Campidoglio Palace on March 25, 1957.
Italy's News Photo/EPA
Sixty years since the Treaty of Rome was signed, the EU goal still remains clear: peace.
Donald Trump eats dinner with Mitt Romney (right) and Reince Priebus.
AP Photo/Evan Vucci
Two Italian scholars who fled fascism in the 1920s urgently warned that American democracy was vulnerable to the same gradual erosion as in Italy. Their message still rings true today.
The building in Braunau Am Inn, Austria, where Hitler was born.
In the past, demolishing the dictator's residences created a void exploited by Nazi sympathizers.
William Sadler II’s Battle of Waterloo.
British history is deeply connected to Europe and whatever the result of its referendum, this will continue.
The Irish government is presented with a difficult task of how to commemorate the Easter Rising, 100 years on.
Often it has been Ireland’s writers and artists that have called out the hopes and failures of national politics, holding the polity to account in the culture.
Günter Schabowski at his fateful press conference.
Günter Schabowski's press conference in November 1989 helped trigger the collapse of the Berlin wall. Was it really as much of an accident as we like to think?
Melisandre, a witch inspired by early modern history, burns Mance Rayder in Game of Thrones.
While Game of Thrones author George R.R. Martin openly draws on medieval and early modern history in the worlds of his books, his subversive depictions of witchcraft make his female characters both intriguing and powerful.
One of the stalagmites used in this study. The blue-green fluorescence is due to the light from the camera flash.
Stalagmites in Scottish preserve 3,000 years of climate history, suggesting human migration is linked to wet and dry periods.