Indigenous Australians created elaborate rock art, as shown here in Arnhem Land.
Researchers in human evolution used to focus on Africa and Eurasia – but not anymore. Discoveries in Asia and Australia have changed the picture, revealing early, complex cultures outside of Africa.
An artist’s impression of the
Wakaleo schouteni marsupial ‘lion’ challenging a thylacine over the carcass of a kangaroo in the early Miocene rainforest of Riversleigh.
'Marsupial lions' aren't really lions - but they did have teeth that formed a pair of secateur-like blades. The newly found species lived in forests of Queensland around 20 million years ago.
Alexander Kellner (Museu Nacional/UFRJ)
Researchers use CT scanners to take first look inside pterosaur eggs.
Scientists can be overly thirsty for dinosaur blood.
Brendan animation crop.
One animator combined his skills with paleontological evidence to breathe movement into a dinosaur fossil to eye-catching effect.
Cell/University of Bristol
Reconstructing the colours of the feathered Sinosauropteryx gives hints about its habitat and lifestyle.
The Taung child (foreground) was the first of a long series of human ancestors discovered in Africa.
Recent research suggests that humankind's origins lay outside of Africa. This is the nature of science: a paradigm that cannot be questioned on a regular basis becomes a dogma.
Kayentapus ambrokholohali footprints belong to an animal of about 26 feet long, dwarfing all the life around it.
Theropod image adapted by Lara Sciscio, with permission, from an illustration by Scott Hartman
Until this discovery, theropod dinosaurs were thought to be considerably smaller, at three to five metres in body length, during the Early Jurassic.
Here’s a modern human skull on the left, and Neanderthal skull on the right.
Maeve, age 8, has a question that has stumped many scientists over the years. And that’s because it’s a surprisingly tricky question to answer. It depends a bit on what you mean by 'person'.
The Valley of the Kings in ancient Egypt proved a useful testing ground for examples of osteoarthritis.
Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers' knees and ankles in an ancient Egyptian village.
Research of ancient DNA has tended to ignore previous studies about the bones themselves.
A rush of ancient DNA projects in Africa has presented the curators of archaeological skeletons with ethical issues because research requires the destruction of human bone.
Reconstruction of an adult basal cynodont with its young.
Image by James Stemler
Two fossils found in South Africa provide direct evidence of parental care in extinct pre-mammalian ancestors.
Moschops are fighting using their ornamented head as a weapon.
(Artwork by Alex Bernardini, SimplexPaleo)
The Moschops fossil was discovered in South Africa in 1911 and a new study of a complete skull shows how its dense braincase protected the brain and sense organs during head-to-head combat.
Lida Ajer cave - a small but well decorated front entrance.
The evidence of a much earlier presence of humans in Indonesia was found more than 100 years ago. But only now has the age of the fossil teeth been accurately dated.
How the mighty dinosaurs would have walked millions of years ago.
Flickr/Ørjan Hoyd Vøllestad
The footprints of dinosaurs can tell a lot about how they moved about many millions of years ago.
Dr Tim Holland (seated right) assisting volunteers in the excavation of the ribs of
Austrosaurus mckillopi in 2015.
The location of a dinosaur find on a remote Queensland sheep station was lost for almost 80 years. But the site was rediscovered, and details are now emerging about the make up of the new dinosaur.
Teeth don’t lie.
Homo naledi seems to have enjoyed small, hard foods like nuts.
Ken in the field with his team from the ANU in 1990 at Gogo (left to right) Dr Peter Pridmore, Prof Ken Campbell, Mrs Val Elder and Dr Richard Barwick.
One of Australia's most distinguished palaeontologists will be farewelled at a funeral in Canberra today.
Here’s the fossil… what can you tell about how this animal lived?
Matteo De Stefano/MUSE-Science Museum
With no identifiable body parts, it's hard to know how these fossilized creatures lived. A new approach models how the ocean's water would interact with their unique shapes – hinting at their lifestyle.
Computed tomography scans of a frog skeleton. These fossil frogs are useful to track climatic change.
Fossils of the lowly frog indicate that the evolution of South Africa's west coast winter rainfall pattern is more complex, and possibly occurred much later, than previously thought