Jay Matternes/Wikimedia Commons
Scientists have shown how tiny organic tissue remnants in fossils correspond to the pigments in the animals' original skin and hair.
Skulls of Homo naledi.
The discovery of Homo naledi has been a social media sensation, recording an extraordinary number of views – more than 170,000 – for a scientific paper.
Examining a model of the ancient fish
Mandageria fairfaxi, the new fossil emblem for NSW are (l-r) NSW MP Anthony Roberts, director and CEO of the Australian Museum Kim McKay, NSW MPs Andrew Gee and Troy Grant, and Dr Ian Percival from the Geological Survey of NSW.
Every state and territory in Australia should have one: a fossil emblem. Not only can they be good for tourism but they can also help teach people about the ancient history of the regions.
Compression of the long-leaf form of
The fossilized plant Montsechia relied on water to disseminate its genetic material and may rewrite the book on when and how the first flowering plants evolved.
A prehistoric scene showing ancient penguins, elephant seals and giant marsupials. A rich diversity of both marine and land creatures once lived at Beaumaris, Melbourne, about 7 million years ago.
Peter Trusler, Monash University
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
A new fossil has reminded us that the real velociraptors were a world away from the huge scaly lizards seen in Juarssic World.
There is an abundance of baby fur seals on the west coast of South Africa, but true seals, which inhabited the area five million years ago, no longer do so.
Climate and sea level changes over time have led to the disappearance of the true seals, although these mammals still exist in the Antarctic.
Scary-looking creature but at least it doesn’t bite.
Credit: Jie Yang
Ancient creepy-crawly "monster" had claws but no teeth.
A microscopic set of teeth helped scientists realise they had been looking at fossils of Hallucigenia back to front.
One of Kitching’s original find of eggs, after being prepared by Diane Scott.
The secrets of the embryonic dinosaurs whose parents roamed South Africa 200 million years ago are finally in the process of being hatched.
Jumping the shark.
There's a lot more to palaeontology than just dinosaurs, as these incredible lifeforms demonstrate.
Spectacular landscape of the Nuweveld escarpment showing exposures of the Beaufort Group.
The Karoo provides not only a historical record of biological change over a period of Earth’s history but also a means to test theories of evolutionary processes over long periods of time.
Organic dinosaur remains were thought to be extremely rare – until now.
The evolutionary tree may not be this simple.
The challenge we face after a century of extraordinary discoveries is pinning down the lineage and mapping the evolutionary route through which we as human beings got here.
A great white shark captured off the coast of Mexico.
We used to think of sharks as primitive fish because the had cartilage instead of bones. Turns out there was a good reason why and it makes them anything but primitive.
How Archaeornithura might have looked.
Fossils of the oldest bird ever pushes back the evolutionary record for birds by nearly six million years.
The site of the Apex chert once thought to hold the oldest fossil found on Earth.
The debate has raged for years on the origin of life-like structure in an ancient rocky find in Western Australia. But is it evidence of early life?
Toilet jaws: the scourge of people and dinosaurs 200m years ago.
University of Edinburgh
Metoposaurus algarvensis, aka toilet jaws, was all over our early ancestors. The thing that got us off the hook? A big hot interception 200m years ago.
Artist’s reconstruction of the giant filter-feeding anomalocaridid
Aegirocassis benmoulae from 480 million years ago.
Marianne Collins, ArtofFact
A 480 million year old fossil recently unearthed in Morocco fills in some of the evolutionary story for arthropods, members of the largest animal phylum on Earth.
Don’t get bitten by one of these.
The feeding habits of an unusual 200-million-year-old fish have been tested in a ground-breaking study published in Palaeontology. This research is particularly notable as it wasn’t carried out by a leading…