The WHO recommends testing for HIV every 6 to 12 months.
Knowing your HIV status is key to accessing life-saving treatment or evaluating the best prevention options.
In this 2012 photo, grandmother Janet Kitheka, 63, collects her adopted “granddaughter” Lucy, 13, at the end of the school day in the yard of the Hot Courses Primary School, in the village of Nyumbani which caters to children who lost their parents to HIV, and grandparents who lost their children to HIV in Kenya.
(AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Research shows that Aspirin could reduce the number of HIV infections in women at high risk for HIV, such as Kenyan female sex workers.
Zimbabwe needs to reconsider its HIV transmission law.
Gains made in the fight against HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe could be reversed unless a legal provision is revised.
In 2016 South Africa had over 300 000 children up to the age of 14 living with HIV.
Teenagers with HIV in childcare facilities have to deal with the challenges of adolescence
while living with the disease.
There needs to be a wide range of sexual health services for men who have sex with men.
In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa men who have sex with men encounter stigma and prejudice when accessing health services.
Anything to declare?
Sharing data about users' HIV statuses is bad enough. But why collect it in the first place?
Donor funding for HIV treatment has saved millions of lives in sub Saharan Africa.
Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. But African countries need to work on sustainable ways to ensure the treatment programmes are not entirely dependent on foreign aid.
In most Australian states, if you have certain STIs, you have a legal responsibility to notify your potential sexual partners.
NSW has changed its laws imposing criminal penalties on someone with an STI who doesn't take "reasonable precautions" to not infect their sexual partner.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, HIV is still highly stigmatised.
HIV remains a synonym for death in Kinshasa and many leave testing and treatment until it's too late. It's not common knowledge that an infected person can live a normal and healthy life.
Jules Kim, Zahra Stardust and Cameron Cox at the Festival of Dangerous Ideas.
Stigma continues to inform legal, social and cultural attitudes towards sex work and remains a barrier to health, human rights and justice. Developing stigma indicators is one step towards change.
Part of Jordan Eagles’s Blood Equality – Illuminations, 2017, an installation that uses imaged blood on plexiglass.
Contemporary artists from Judy Chicago to Stelarc have made art from blood. And an exhibition at Melbourne's new Science Gallery addresses our ambivalent attitudes to this life-giving fluid.
Two characters who feature in the film PILI about rural women living with HIV in Tanzania.
The stories of HIV positive women in Tanzania often go unheard outside the communities in which they live.
Many people with moderate to severe chronic pain find it difficult to move around. By contrast, HIV-positive people who had chronic pain are still active.
Thousands of people queued to donate blood in the wake of the Orlando massacre, but the target of the attacks, the gay community, was not able to contribute.
In the the wake of the Orlando massacre, many people directly affected by this homophobic hate crime are prevented from offering help due to homophobic regulations.
Campaigns like the Lagos AIDS Walk have created awareness of HIV in Nigeria’s capital, but they are lacking in rural areas, where stigmatisation is rife.
Creating HIV services at primary health-care centres in Nigeria may improve the uptake of antiretrovirals, but it won't tackle the issue of stigma.
Shocking secret? How the tabloids saw it.
Decades on, is HIV still a taboo subject?
Charlie Sheen revealed he is HIV positive and has spent millions paying people to keep quiet. Why?
That Charlie Sheen would have to pay millions of dollars to keep his HIV status private is indicative of the level of stigma still attached to it.