These terms are often used interchangeably by the public, and though the concepts are overlapping, there are important distinctions.
Employers like Michigan State play a critical role in protecting people – or not – from abuse by people on their payroll.
Public apologies are a type of performance before a larger audience, and they are to be understood in terms that are different from a private apology.
Laws like Title IX are supposed to shield athletes from abuse. But lax enforcement allows sports organizations to protect perpetrators over athletes.
Sexual abuse is a chronic condition that afflicts many other sports besides gymnastics.