A new initiative called the International Brain Laboratory is tackling this fundamental mystery of neuroscience in an unusual way.
Areas of the brain are being mapped, much like the towns, cities and countries represented in a typical atlas.
Tinkering with the brain's electrical field shows tantalizing promise for boosting memory, but it doesn't always work. A new study offers one reason why.
Scientists invented chemical weapons; some are now working to destroy them. New biomolecular design techniques let researchers design proteins that can destroy nerve agents in bodies.
Brain-computer interfacing is a hot topic in the tech world, with Elon Musk's announcement of his new Neuralink startup. Here, researchers separate what's science from what's currently still fiction.
There's both money and prestige invested in the simple idea that different brain areas are responsible for certain functions. But that doesn't make it true.
Alcohol contributes to close to 90,000 deaths a year. Because repeated binge drinking damages the brain, it's hard to know when we've developed a problem. Here are some things to consider.
The Florey Institute's Dr Jee Hyun Kim explains how the different aspects of memory work and why attention is the most important element of improving your memory in this long-form comic explainer.
A recent study suggested that the brain becomes accustomed to lying, making people merely puppets of their brains. That's too simple an explanation – and one that lets liars off the hook.
Yoshinori Ohsumi's research on autophagy – a process that lets cells clear out harmful materials – brought biology and medicine closer to finding treatments for chronic and deadly diseases.
Different animals and different behaviors rely on various forms and combinations of 'government' to carry out desired actions.
Running causes new brain cells to grow. But why does this happen? What is the evolutionary advantage?
Detecting drier or wetter conditions is crucial for insect survival. We've long known they can do this – now researchers have discovered the genetic and neural basis for their humidity-sensing system.
Researchers are trying to fill in the blanks between genetic blueprints and psychiatric disorder by studying changes in the brain.
The theory of antimemories could help explain many cognitive problems in the brain such as autism and schizophrenia.
Scientists have long struggled to explain what actually causes the sensation of itching – now we know what to blame.
It's time for neurons to share the glory. Gene activity isn't just a background utility of the brain, but an integral part of its operation.
In many of the workplaces I visit as a neuroscientist, stressed workers behave much like addicted lab rats. But you don't have to quit the rat race to start feeling better at work.
Sensory information comes into the system, and we initiate actions in response. Quantifying how quickly that happens is tricky – especially since our own perceptions of the timing aren't quite right.
When we figure out how places connect geographically, local maps in the brain join into a single, overarching map.