A medical abortion is induced with medication, while a surgical abortion is performed with instruments in a clinic or hospital operating theatre.
The medical abortion drug mifepristone has been available in Australian for the past 13 years but it's still out of reach for many women who decide to terminate their pregnancy.
Women and men sitting with baby carriages in 1916 in front of The Sanger Clinic in Brooklyn, considered the first Planned Parenthood clinic.
New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection/Library of Congress
The Trump administration's proposal to block federally funded organizations from providing comprehensive reproductive health care will deprive millions of people access to sexual health services.
Women in Mexico City carry a banner reading “Legal and safe abortion across Mexico” during the commemoration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (November 25, 2018).
While the abortion debate continues worldwide, even in countries where it has long been legal, new drugs and telemedicine services could provide access to safe abortion beyond borders and laws.
Morningstar Mercredi, pictured on November 16, 2018, woke up from a surgery at 14 and discovered her developing baby was gone. What remained was an incision from her panty line to her belly button, cut without her permission.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jason Franson
Recent revelations of the coerced sterilization of Indigenous women in Canada are part of a long, complex and disturbing history -- in which feminism became a fight to keep one's own children.
Tanzania was one of the first sub-Saharan African nations to embrace family planning as a national development priority.
US Air Force
Tanzania was an early, ardent believer in family planning. Now it joins a growing number of developing nations that see potential advantage in having a huge and growing workforce.
Women hold signs as they take part in a demonstration against government plans to ban or limit the practice of abortion in Turkey on 22 June 2012, in Istanbul.
Abortion appears to be illegal and clandestine in large parts of the Muslim world. Yet, women continue to challenge the status quo and archaic laws through their daily practices and activism.
Pro-life and pro-choice protesters rallied outside the U.S. Supreme Court in June.
REUTERS/Toya Sarno Jordan
Over the past 45 years, women have married later, attained higher education and joined the workforce in record numbers. Could it all be turned back?
In a historic move, the national parliament has legalised procedures up to 14 weeks.
A lawyer reports from Ireland days ahead of this vital vote.
Women in the 1960s were the first to experience the reproductive freedoms of the contraceptive pill.
Before the pill, contraceptive options were extremely limited and generally required the cooperation of the male partner. Almost 60 years later, the pill remains the mainstay of contraception.
Some 200,000 Argentinean women marched on March 8 for International Women’s Day. Many proclaimed their support for legalizing abortion.
AP Photo/Tomas F. Cuesta
A new bill that would legalize abortion in Argentina has spurred surprise debate on the gender pay gap, parental leave and political representation. Will Argentinean women finally get their due?
A Canadian politician has announced he plans to introduce a private member’s bill to remove the legal prohibitions on payments to surrogate mothers and to sperm and egg donors.
There are sound ethical reasons behind Canada's decision to ban payment to surrogate mothers and sperm and egg donors in 2004. A new push to remove the restrictions ignores the risks.
Postcard of the Napa State Hospital in Napa, Calif., circa 1905. Over 1,900 Californians were recommended for sterilization while patients here.
The collection of Alex Wellerstein
About 20,000 Californians were once sterilized under state eugenics laws. New research shows Latinos were disproportionately targeted. Is there any opportunity today to address these wrongs?
Jenny Agutter and Laura Main in Call the Midwife.
BBC's Call the Midwife is a celebration of working class women's labour. In its frank, but sweet, discussion of childbirth, it has much in common with fairy tales.
A first-time surrogate mother in Anand, India, 2013.
Surrogate mothers in developing countries are being shuffled across borders to evade a crackdown on the industry. This emerging gray market puts women at risk.
‘I’m not inviting you to abort, I’m inviting you to decide.’ Can democracy exist if women aren’t recognized as people with full human rights?
Seventy-five percent of all abortions in Latin America are illicit. In Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador, where abortion is totally illegal, the bans correlate with a generalized failure of the rule of law.
Lawmaker: my views have nothing to do with the law.
Voting on this issue is a matter of conscience, so the MP's view that women shouldn't be allowed to terminate pregnancies, even when they've been raped, is very relevant to the rest of society.
Women celebrate in Valparaíso, Chile.
After a fierce debate, one of the most restrictive reproductive laws in the world has been eased.
EPA/Jim Lo Scalzo
Troupes of women in flowing red capes are turning up all over the US to remind us that reproductive rights are under threat.
‘My body does not need your opinion’.
Juan Carlos Ulate/Reuters
The case of a 12-year-old Costa Rican girl, who was raped by her father and denied an abortion, is dividing a nation that prides itself on its human rights record.