Local and indigenous communities remain mostly excluded from real benefits, and conservation often comes at a huge cost to them.
The first online rhino auction in South Africa wasn't a success. This has done very little to help rhinos. It may, in fact, encourage more poaching as demand has not slowed down.
The rhino horn auction in South Africa is a serious setback in the fight against poaching and the survival of wild rhinos. The chances of the horns remaining in the country are next to zero.
The $4m cost is almost double the anti-poaching budget for South African National Parks.
Swaziland hoped to be allowed to legally trade rhino horns but the idea was rejected by vote at the CITES conference.
Military responses to combat poaching are a problem. They marginalise communities where poachers come from and can have longer term implications.