Nixon’s Operation Intercept in 1969 led to massive traffic jams.
Both presidents brought border traffic and trade to a standstill in hopes of changing Mexican policy in the drug war. And both failed to achieve their goals.
A steel wall along the U.S. border near Tecate, California, cuts across Mount Cuchame, a site sacred to the Kumeyaay people.
The U.S-Mexico border runs through Native American territories. A wall would further divide these communities, separating children from schools, farmers from water and families from each other.
Protesters depicting detainees of the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis
Alleged 'enemy combatants' held at Guantánamo Bay who went on hunger strikes to protest their indefinite detention were force-fed by the US military. Today, ICE is force-feeding immigrant detainees.
Trump before delivering the State of the Union address with Pelosi and Pence.
Doug Mills/The New York Times/Pool via REUTERS
Four scholars weigh in on President Donald Trump's State of the Union speech, exploring his statements on immigration, childhood poverty, the border wall and the investigations into his campaign.
Migrants on a ship intercepted offshore near the Libyan town of Gohneima, east of the capital Tripoli, in July 2018.
Libyan Coast Guard via AP, File
After 1.3 million migrants from the Middle East and Africa came to Europe in 2015, many countries built fences or closed their ports. That has pushed migrants to take riskier routes into the EU.
Families are feeling the pinch of the government shutdown.
AP Photo/Rick Bowmer
Because many Americans live paycheck to paycheck, the loss of even one can be a big financial blow for a family.
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
Interviews with immigrants health service providers in metro Detroit reveal a climate of fear that may affect the health of families.
Migrants from Honduras, part of the Central American caravan, trying to reach the United States in Tijuana, Mexico, in December 2018.
Immigration experts explain who's really trying to cross the US-Mexico border, what they want — and why immigration, even undocumented immigration, actually benefits the country.
A naturalization ceremony in Miami.
AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee
The Constitution's guarantee of due process means this effort should not be taken lightly, legal scholars argue.
LGBTQ migrants traveling with the migrant caravan.
AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd
Before the courts, LGBTQ asylum-seekers have historically had to face bias and ignorance about gender identity and sexuality. Has anything changed?
For decades, native-born American Jews changed their names to improve their job prospects.
The demographics of name change petitioners today – and the reasons that they give – tell a complicated story of race, class and culture.
Voting sign in Spanish.
The Voting Rights Act offers language assistance for voters with limited English proficiency. What can we learn from an Idaho county's experience offering foreign-language ballots?
Screenshot from Republican John Rose’s campaign ad ‘Build the Wall,’ which equates all immigration with the Salvadoran gang MS-13.
John Rose For Tennessee via YouTube
MS-13 is not the biggest or most violent gang in the US. But its grisly murders and Latino membership inflame Americans' anxiety about immigration. GOP campaign ads stoke those fears to attack Democrats.
Study finds changes to gut microbiome begin as soon as migrants move to the US and continue to change over decades.
Central American migrants face extortion, robbery, assault, kidnapping, rape and murder on their weeks-long journey through Mexico. Some find safety in numbers.
AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd
More than two-thirds of Central American migrants will experience violence on their journey through Mexico, from robbery and extortion to rape. Caravans create safety in numbers.
Latinos make up 12 percent of all registered voters in the US, but less than half vote regularly.
AP Photo/Isaac Brekken, File
Latinos are less likely than other Americans to vote in November, new polling shows. Here's why Democrats shouldn't expect a Latino blue wave to swing the midterms in their favor.
Some 5,000 Venezuelans flee the country’s violence, tyranny and hunger every day, creating an historic migration crisis that rivals Syria’s.
AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana
Trump has called Venezuela a 'human tragedy' and threatened invasion while quietly deporting and denying asylum to Venezuelan refugees. His anti-socialist rhetoric may make for good midterm politics.
A security officer checks a traveler’s passport.
AP Photo/Patrick Semansky
How did governments get the power to limit people's movements in the first place? A historian explains.
Protestors block entrance Immigration and Customs Enforcement offices.
AP Photo/Gregory Bull
It's more than just a slogan. For community organizers, 'Abolish ICE' represents the first step to a world without immigrant detention or prisons.
An immigrant child looks out from a U.S. Border Patrol bus.
AP Photo/David J. Phillip, File
A 15-year-old fleeing violence in El Salvador came to the US in 1985. Her case set in motion a Supreme Court decision that would affect how authorities treat children in their custody for decades.