Tackling local diseases like rabies could help health authorities identify new outbreaks more easily.
N. Bastiaensen/World Organisation for Animal Health
By tackling local threats and controlling existing diseases, countries are able to build the capacity needed to deal with future emerging disease threats.
Researchers have found Australia’s first confirmed case of tularemia in a ringtail possum.
Tularemia is an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans. While it can be fatal, it is rare in Australia and can be treated with antibiotics.
Slaughterhouses in parts of rural Kenya don’t adhere to basic hygiene standards.
Slaughterhouses are an essential step in meat production. Hygiene standards need to be maintained to prevent the spread of diseases.
People search for recyclable materials alongside animals at the Dandora Municipal Dumping Site in Nairobi.
Africa's cities are melting pots of activity and interaction. There are fears that the continent's next major modern disease crisis will emerge from them.
But what are the risks?
Goldfish might look nice, but they can also spread a variety of decidedly not-nice viruses.
Many pet fish end up in ponds, fountains and waterways. But before ditching your goldfish in the park, stop and think about the viruses you could also be releasing.
Slugs and snails can be accidentally eaten by dogs, wildlife species and humans.
Around 5% of common garden snails in and around Sydney contain larvae of the parasite Angiostrongylus cantonensis, commonly known as the rat lungworm.
Frog chytrid may have been spread by humans. It is a fungus that has decimated amphibian species.
As much as animals may pass on viruses to humans, humans pass on viruses which are sometimes lethal to the animal world as well.
Two women walk in front of a billboard, which says “Ebola must go. Stopping Ebola is Everybody’s Business” in Monrovia, Liberia, January 15 2015.
Along with better strategies to respond to outbreaks in human populations, we need a stronger focus on surveillance in animals to identify infectious diseases before they pose a risk to human health.
Some rat, possum and mozzie species thrive when living close to people.
Our world is becoming increasingly urbanised. In 1950, just 30% of the world’s population lived in urban areas. This number is now over 50% and rising. By 2050, two-thirds of the world’s population are…
Foot and mouth disease wreaks havoc on the economies of countries where it breaks out.
Australia has been free of foot and mouth disease since 1872, but it is still considered the most serious biosecurity threat to Australia’s agricultural industries. A widespread outbreak could cost the…
Electron scanning microscope photo of Mycobacterium bovis bacteria.
Britain’s badgers stand on the brink of being shot, gassed or even forcibly fed oral contraceptives, all in the name of fighting the spread of tuberculosis in cattle. But what dangers does bovine TB (as…
The global focus on emerging infectious disease has turned to bats since they were identified as the probable source of SARS.
The last 30 years have seen a rise in emerging infectious diseases in humans, of which more than 70% are zoonotic. Zoonoses are diseases that normally exist in animals but have the potential to transmit…