Drugs and other aids help smokers quit

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRTs), such as patches and gums, as well as the antidepressant bupropion and another drug varenicline, all improve smokers’ chance of quitting.

A meta-analysis by the Cochrane Library shows the use of a single NRT or bupropion gave smokers an 80% chance of successfully quitting. Varenicline increased chances of quitting by two and three times compared to a placebo.

Cytisine, a drug similar to varenicline, has also shown success in smoking cessation. It is currently only licensed as a treatment in Eastern Europe, but this could soon change as it has the potential to be an affordable and effective therapy.

Read more at The Cochrane Library