A farmer carries firewood during the dry season in Nicaragua, one of the Central American countries affected by a recent drought.
Neil Palmer for CIAT/flickr
Poverty and violence are often cited as the reasons people emigrate from Central America, but factors such as drought, exacerbated by climate change, are driving people to leave too.
Between 1990 to 2015, nearly half of all migrants worldwide went back to their country of birth, whether by choice or by force.
Deportees and other migrants return home wealthier, more educated and with more work experience than people who never left. This 'brain gain' benefits the whole community, financially and politically.
The tortilla business can become an unexpected way out for former gang members.
Being part of a gang may increase the chance of dying young, but when gang members leave their old lives behind, they can find that their street smarts come in handy.
Riot police at an anti-government march in Managua, Nicaragua, Oct. 14, 2018.
A massive protest movement exploded across Nicaragua in April 2018, threatening to topple the country's authoritarian regime. What happened to Central America's 'tropical spring?'
Inmates, members of MS-13 and Barrio 18 gangs, wait upon arrival at the maximum security prison in Zacatecoluca, 65 kilometres east of San Salvador, on August 9, 2017.
Marvin RECINOS / AFP
Imaginaries of gangs as inherent forms of brutal anarchy promote particular political agendas and obscure the ways gangs can reveal the underlying dynamics of the contexts within which they emerge.
Protesters face off with riot police during a march against president Daniel Ortega in Managua, Nicaragua, on September 16, 2018.
Hundreds have died in a government crackdown in the Central American country, and Labour's reaction is worrying.
Costa Ricans held a march in solidarity with Nicaraguan refugees on Aug. 25, 2018. An estimated 500,000 Nicaraguans live in Costa Rica, with more arriving daily as crisis in the country deepens.
Reuters/Juan Carlos Ulate
Nicaraguan migrants send over US$1 billion home each year. This money has played a changing role in domestic politics – first boosting the Ortega regime and, now, sustaining the uprising against him.
Access to water – not electricity – can have larger gains for health and well-being.
Providing people with clean drinking water and sanitation is less expensive than grid electrification and it could improve more lives.
Here lies democracy.
When different sides in a violent political crisis become ever more entrenched, democracy quickly starts to wither.
Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez was a major financier of Nicaragua’s Daniel Ortega, seen here at a 2016 commemoration on the third anniversary of the socialist leader’s death.
Cheap Venezuelan oil boosted Nicaragua's economy and funded President Daniel Ortega's many anti-poverty programs. With Venezuela in crisis, the oil has dried up – as has support for Ortega's regime.
Militias guard a barricade after police and pro-government militias stormed a rebel-held neighborhood in Masaya, Nicaragua, on July 17, 2018.
AP Photo/Cristibal Venegas
Nicaragua has exploded in violence since mass protests began against President Daniel Ortega in April, with hundreds dead and thousands wounded. Amid such chaos, criminal violence is likely to follow.
Nicaragua, which overthrew its last violent dictator in 1979, is the only Latin American country since Cuba to stage a successful revolution.
AP Photo/Alfredo Zuniga
History shows that Latin American presidents usually don't last long after they use violence to repress mass protests. Is Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega the next to fall?
Protests against social security reforms in Nicaragua quickly gained traction. Now, even the Catholic Church is suggesting ‘democratization’ may be on the horizon.
For 11 years, Daniel Ortega's regime has been unshakable. But Nicaragua's autocratic leader is vulnerable after weeks of deadly protest. Now, some citizens are calling for him to resign.
Out of patience.
By remorselessly crushing political dissent, Daniel Ortega has squandered his people's goodwill and eroded his power base.
A Pirahã family.
From the Amazon to Nicaragua, there are humans who never learn numbers. What can these anumeric cultures teach us about ourselves?
Workers wash freshly harvested bananas on a banana plantation near Parrita, Costa Rica.
AP Photo/Kent Gilbert
While Costa Ricans pride their country for being an oasis of stability in Latin America, the nation has struggled with restrictive laws and social attitudes toward immigrants from Nicaragua.
A woman cries during the funeral of a victim of a fire at a children’s shelter in Guatemala.
Young people from Central America continue to cross the U.S. border. Can programs funded by humanitarian assistance targeting root causes of migration help?
Under threat: Lake Nicaragua, the largest in Central America.
Since it was completed 100 years ago, the Panama Canal has been the only shipping route through the land mass of the Americas. Controlled by the US for most of its history, it allows ships to navigate…
Not a new idea, as this map from 1885 shows, but no less controversial.
The Nicaraguan government has granted a concession to a mysterious Chinese company owned by Jing Wang, a little-known Hong-Kong based businessman, to build an inter-oceanic canal. This would provide an…