Swedish researcher Andreas Johansson interviewed 30 members of a Japanese Yakuza clan in 2015.
Attempts to curtail demand by resorting to extrajudicial killings may have popular appeal, but may ultimately serve to consolidate crime groups, raise protection costs and temporarily displace activities to less hostile locations.
Organised crime groups are profiting from the fruits of globalisation such as free-trade agreements as well as the massive upgrade of the region’s infrastructure and connectivity now underway.
Japanese yakuza gangsters have made significant donations to tsunami relief efforts.
Should we bother to ask whether some gifts and donations could be interpreted as thinly veiled bribes, or is the distinction always clear? A recent example of the potential ambiguity of gift-giving was…