Scientists estimate that by 2020, non-communicable disease will account for almost 70% of the total disease burden.
The increase in cases of non-communicable diseases in developing countries has led to an emerging pattern of high levels of multimorbidity.
New World Health Organisation Director-General De Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
How will the World Health Organisation's Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus deal with the mounting challenges? Africa's academics have some tips.
Children play alongside stagnant water and rubbish in Lagos, Nigeria.
Africa battles with a dearth of data and seems unable to scale up health innovations. If these can be systematically addressed, the continent can take great strides towards better health for all.
A woman looks down an empty corridor at the National Hospital Abuja, after staff members went on strike to demand for better employee welfare.
Continued strikes in Nigeria's health care sector has meant that many patients go without much-needed care.
Women in Central African Republic wait for vaccinations.
Pierre Holtz for UNICEF
An index developed to gauge progress towards the sustainable development goals and their targets shows that nine of the world's worst performing countries are in Africa.
The Tsetse fly which spreads African sleeping sickness.
Oregon State University
A new finding may shed light on how sleeping sickness has avoided elimination and could help finally beat the deadly disease.
Each suicide has a social, economic and cultural context. And unless these factors are considered alongside psychiatric care, steadily increasing suicide rates will not be curbed.
A woman is examined at a hepatitis ward in Uganda.
Ghana must urgently implement strategies to tackle the high burden of viral hepatitis if it's to fulfill global targets of eliminating the disease by 2030.
Nigerian women who formed part of the country’s previous polio immunisation campaign.
Global Polio Eradication Initiative
A new polio outbreak in Nigeria has hampered the country's efforts to be declared polio free by 2017.
South Africa, despite its bold commitments to improve breastfeeding, does not have national data to monitor breastfeeding rates to ensure that its policies are being effective.
A model of the hepatitis B virus in a blood vessel with red blood cells.
Liver cancer in Africans tends to occur between the ages of 30 and 40. But a study has found that it occurs at a significantly younger age in those who are infected with HIV and hepatitis B.
The vasectomy is currently the only reliable contraceptive available to men. But a new option could give men more family planning power.
Doctors and patients are unsure of the best treatment for gout, leading to poor patient education and compliance, poorly addressed lifestyle factors, and suboptimal use of available drugs.
In many parts of the continent medical laboratories lack resources and expertise and can't keep up with diagnostic demands, so proper diagnosis and treatment of health conditions is delayed.
Cataract blindness continues to affects tens of millions of people because they cannot access proper care.
A Malian mother waits to have her baby vaccinated. Though access to health care has improved, many people say their governments must do more.
Dominic Chavez/World Bank
Across the continent, citizens’ perceptions of health care show several barriers to access and better health for all.
Women in Africa have poor access to emergency obstetric care during childbirth.
More than two million women across the world suffer from obstetric fistula – a hole in the birth canal that makes them incontinent – but this can be avoided.
In South Africa, many child homicides are the result of children being abandoned.
The high rate of child homicides in South Africa shows that reproductive, mental health and social services are failing to help vulnerable mothers.
Non-communicable diseases are skyrocketing in Kenya and Uganda. Though the countries’ governments have a responsibility to tackle the problem, individuals need to take action too.
In Nigeria some children who are branded as witches suffer severe abuse.
In many parts of Nigeria, children are branded as witches and suffer abuse and even abandonment. Religion and poverty are thought to play a role.