Statues like these - here Paul Kruger at Pretoria’s Church Square - are a reminder of a time when Afrikaners were the ruling class in South Africa.
Afrikaners in post-apartheid South Africa struggle with a historical sense of inferiority that reinforces their whiteness.
Leaders use translators during the inauguration of President Mr João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço of Angola.
Raising the status of the African languages to that of official languages in South Africa post-1994 led to an explosion of translation and interpreting work in local and foreign languages.
Language and herbs travel thanks to the Rastafarian community around Cape Town.
David Harrison/Mail & Guardian
Ethical engagement in multilingual communication is about mutual respect. More importantly, it's about shaping a shared future through face-to-face communication.
Bernoldus Niemand (aka James Phillips) at the Market Theatre Warehouse in Johannesburg, 1989.
John Hogg/The Times
Rock music against military conscription during 1980s South Africa resonated with wider fault lines in Afrikaner society - this as the apartheid regime's grip on power started to slip.
Award-winning Hemelbesem is a black Afrikaans hip-hop artist.
Afrikaans is very much a black language. The apartheid government's ploy to construct it as a "white language", with a "white history", denied the commonality of the language across race and class.
Afrikaans singer Steve Hofmeyr (with the yellow t-shirt) in front of a statue of Paul Kruger at Church Square in Pretoria.
Alon Skuy/The Times
The idea of white victimhood played an important part in Donald Trump's rise. The South African brand of white supremacy has made a tangible contribution to this narrative of victimhood.
Students march at South Africa’s Stellenbosch University in 2015. They were seeking a legal right to be taught in English rather than Afrikaans.
Next year South Africa’s Stellenbosch University will celebrate its centenary. A recent conference to discuss the anniversary has reminded everyone present that knowledge is a fickle mistress.
Fokofpolisiekar’s lead vocalist Francois van Coke.
A pioneering documentary about South African punks, Fokofpolisiekar, doesn't only focus on the band, but also illuminates the evolution of the documentary form.
Celebrated South African poet Adam Small passed away at the age of 79.
Cape Argus/Independent Newspapers
Black Consciousness activist, Afrikaans poet and revered academic Adam Small has passed away. In his large volume of work he gave voice to the downtrodden – those marginalised by apartheid.
Strict security at the South African Broadcasting Corporation before the country’s 2004 national elections.
Many broadcasters around the world enforce local content quotas to ensure their television industries’ survival. But the success of these measures varies widely.
Students at Stellenbosch University call for Afrikaans to be scrapped as the institution’s main language.
Those who don't want Stellenbosch University to make English the main language of instruction have invoked South Africa's Constitution - but the assumptions underlying their arguments are false.
The language of learning is a politically fraught matter in South Africa, harking back to the tragic 1976 Soweto uprising.
There's an ongoing debate about how best to promote multilingualism in schools. But is this debate relevant when it comes to teaching science?