Drug resistance to cholera causing bacteria affects treatment especially in developing countries.
Cholera is caused by a lack of access to clean drinking water and unhygienic conditions. Misuse of antibiotics makes it difficult and expensive to treat outbreaks.
The Bubonic plague slowed urbanisation, industrial development and economic growth in Europe for many years.
Despite being so small they can't be seen with the naked eye, pathogens that cause human disease have greatly affected the way humans live for centuries.
Spanish flu killed more people than the Great War that preceded it. And tuberculosis even more than that.
Here we explore our past and present struggles with four of the most significant infectious diseases human beings have faced, and some of the progress we've made in prevention and treatment.
Already one of the world's most urgent humanitarian disasters, the situation in Yemen is only getting worse.
Pit latrine in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Access to clean water and sanitation are key to preventing cholera epidemics.
D. Schafer, SuSanA/Flickr
Cholera kills thousands every year but is treatable if it is caught early. Understanding how El Niño shifts cholera risks in Africa can help countries prepare for outbreaks and save lives.
Children at a camp for people displaced by Boko Haram insurgents in North-East Nigeria.
More than 788 health facilities have been destroyed in parts of North-Eastern Nigeria captured by Boko Haram insurgents, crippling health services in the area.
By not acknowledging what Haitians themselves think they need, the UN is failing to sort out one of its worst ever blunders.
Last year’s Olympic Games in Rio highlighted the health perils of contaminated waters.
AP Photo/Silvia Izquierdo
Developed and developing countries alike struggle with water quality problems. For World Water Day, a look at the challenges – and some potential solutions – to better treating wastewater.
Places with poor sanitation and insufficient clean drinking water are at risk of cholera outbreaks.
Cholera is estimated to infect between 3 to 5 million people globally, every year.
Cholera is usually transmitted through contaminated water or food.
A lack of decent sanitation and clean drinking water are fertile ground for a cholera outbreak.
A tea picker walks through a tea plantation damaged by frost near Kericho, the Kenyan highland town hit hard by changing weather patterns.
As East Africa becomes warmer, the threat of climate sensitive diseases such as malaria, Rift Valley Fever and cholera is increasing.
After admitting that its peacekeepers brought the disease to the country, the organisation must make financial amends too.
The new secretary general of the United Nations should drive substantive reforms, particularly accountability of the international body.
Africa should focus on the feasible reforms of the UN and de-emphasise its demand for improved representation on the Security Council voting reforms, given the complex politics around these issues.
The Haiti cholera outbreak has killed 10,000 people.
It has long been known that UN forces brought disease to the country in the aftermath of an earthquake, but how can amends be made?
Outgoing UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s successor faces the challenge of making the organisation more accountable.
The ‘functional immunity’ granted to UN officials made good sense when the body was founded after World War II. But as its organisational functions have expanded, so has this immunity.
A medical centre for cholera victims in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The UN might now apologise for poisoning scores of Roma people in Kosovo – but its role in Haiti's cholera disaster still goes unacknowledged.
Patients and companions at the Cholera Treatment Center in Haiti, April 2015.
Andres Martinez Casares
Unless drinking water and sanitation infrastructure are improved, cholera could remain in Haiti indefinitely.
The way data is currently collected has limited use for environmental health researchers when it comes to understanding health problems at a localised level.
International businesses thrive on Haitian labour.
Former dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier may be dead and buried, but real democracy remains a very distant prospect in Haiti. After ongoing failures to hold elections that should have taken place…
The country’s capacity to treat infected patients and prevent further spread is very limited.
UN Women Asia & the Pacific/Flickr
Contemplating how Papua New Guinea (PNG) would deal with Ebola may not be that different from asking the same of Liberia 12 months ago. While PNG’s per capita gross national income (US$2,540 in 2013) is…