The seeds of discord that were planted in independent Togo have resulted in ethnic divisions, and a state that has long been ruled by family. But recent protests could mean things are about to change.
While Kenya's political leaders often adopt a populist approach to politics, it's not unimaginable that the courts could also pursue a populist path by claiming to speak for the people.
Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.
Angola's recent election results showed the ruling MPLA losing support across the country. If opposition claims are to be taken seriously, the losses could be more severe than they appear.
Kenya's electoral commission faced many legal challenges before the general election, and yet another after the poll. But how will the Supreme Court's historic ruling impact the country's democracy?
Kenya's Supreme Court landmark ruling has opened the door to robust conversation around the country's nascent democracy, paving the way for rule of law and stronger institutions.
By failing to provide details on what invalidated Kenya's election, the country's Supreme Court has created an impossible timeline for organising re-elections within 60 days.
One way to diffuse the tension when Kenyans choose a head of state is to take that decision out of their hands. This could help achieve ethnic cohesion.
Some might see Kenya's presidential election petition as 'nuisance legislation'. But legal arbitration must be encouraged as an audit to the democratic process.
Angola's president-elect, João Lourenço, has a reputation for relative probity. But, he's unlikely to rock the boat as Eduardo dos Santos remains party chairman.
Much international media focus has been on Kenya's election being a trigger for violence, but that's only part of the story. The ongoing grievances of Kenyans must be addressed.
What South Africa's opposition parties want Parliament and the courts to do would damage the country's democracy.
President Joseph Kabila remains in office despite upheaval in the DRC. He can still save face and a change of heart could see him become the first Congolese president to relinquish power.
Zambia has gone from a country where people engaged freely in open political debate to one where most people now look over their shoulders to see who’s listening.
Zambia's president is securing powers to consolidate his political control while generating 'plausible deniability' to whether or not he has fatally undermined democracy.
South Africa's ANC and Namibia's SWAPO, governing parties, enter crucial leadership elections this year, with presidents Zuma and Geingob both facing challenges.
As we celebrate Africa Day and reflect on how far the continent has come since the Organisation of African Unity was founded in 1963, it's a good time to assess whether democracy is working.
Protests in South Africa are about more than just service delivery of basic services such as water and electricity. They reflect a wider crisis about the failure to build a more equitable society.
The world's media, which has in the past found Zambia uninteresting, are suddenly paying more attention to the impoverished nation, for all the wrong reasons.
Most Africans see courts as legitimate but only a slim majority trust them while one in three people believe judges are corrupt.