Catalans protest the Spanish government crackdown after voting for independence.
Despite the passionate for which they are usually fought, independence movements are rarely successful and their outcomes less than hoped for.
A camp for people affected by malnutrition in Eritrea.
A photo smuggled out of Eritrea by the Freedom Friday network.
Eritreans are at risk of severe malnutrition – but aid agencies struggle to access those in need.
An Eritrean is searched at Rosenheim in Germany in 2015.
Should the EU be giving money to repressive regimes to stop the flow of migrants?
An Eritrean mother and child in Calais in late 2015.
Many Eritreans whose asylum claims are rejected have them overturned on appeal.
Tracking the long and complex journey of refugees and migrants.
© Heaven Crawley
Many migrants would have stopped before they reached Europe – if only there had been the opportunities.
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame is seen as having promoted economic growth at the expense of human rights.
To improve, African countries need to find a balance between political and economic matters. This is where leadership becomes particularly important. But this is currently lacking on the continent.
Since 1991 Somaliland has declared itself independent from Somalia.
Separation is intended to deal with problems and provide an acceptable alternative, but history shows it may not be the solution.
A man from disputed Badme poses in front of a tank abandoned during the 1998-2000 Ethiopia-Eritrea war. The risk of a fresh war is remote.
Will the latest Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict spiral into a large-scale military confrontation? The odds are highly unlikely: neither side believes it would gain from such an eventuality.
An Eritrean refugee at ‘The Jungle’ camp in the port of Calais. Thousands of Eritreans flee repression at home to seek a better life elsewhere.
Eritrea achieved independence 25 years ago amid high expectations for its future. Today, the country's youth make up a large portion of the refugees risking their lives for a better future in Europe.
Ethiopians reading newspapers in the capital Addis Ababa. The country’s media is among the most repressed on the continent.
Press freedom has changed little in the past decade. If the African Union is to commit to the principles of democracy, it needs to do more to uphold freedom of expression and protects its journalists.
King Mswati III of Swaziland. His word is law, above all other laws in the tiny kingdom.
In the words of US President Obama: Africa doesn't need strongmen, it needs strong institutions. In this light, the South African president's acceptance of a court ruling against him is a good thing.
The Nairobi-Thika highway is being built by China Wuyi, Sinohydro and Shengeli Engineering Construction, and is funded by Kenya, China and the African Development Bank.
China offers an alternative to traditional donors and investors in low- and middle-income countries. Adding to its appeal is its focus on infrastructure projects.
Mickael, from Eritrea, sits close to a security fence on the main access route to the ferry harbour terminal in Calais, France.
The European obsession with labeling people either economic migrants or refugees hampers understanding of the problems they face. Adding the role remittances play to the debate would help.
Minors are at risk.
Unaccompanied minors who claim asylum face a lottery where some are recognised as refugees and others have to go home when they turn 18.
Migrants are living in limbo on the French-Italian border.
Italian PM blasts fellow EU leaders for spat over who takes in the desperate people arriving in his country every day.
A problem shared, Theresa May, is a problem halved.
EPA/ Sebastien Nogier
Refugee Week is drawing to a close with little concrete progress. Can I at least get you to change your mind about this situation?
Now you see it, soon you won’t.
EPA/Alessandro Di Meo
Governments mark Migrant Week by denying the problem.
Celebrations as Muhammadu Buhari takes office.
The hope is that Buhari will be honest and efficient — but his post comes with significant baggage.
Thousands of Eritreans are among migrants and refugees trying to escape to safety and a better life.
Post-independence Eritrea has descended into poverty and repression forcing huge numbers to flee to safety and a better life.