Some Cameroonians don’t believe Anglophone regions need an independent state of their own.
Anglophones have long complained that their language and culture are marginalised. They say if this doesn't change, they must be granted independence.
The influence of countries in francophone Africa, like Ivory Coast, have shifted how universities think about the French language.
French is no longer taught as a European language representative of "French" culture in South Africa. New modes of teaching, learning and research speak to an inclusive Africanist agenda.
West African leaders have nursed the idea of a common currency for the sub-region since the turn of the century. But conditions for member countries to make this happen appear unattainable.
French President Emmanuel Macron with Mali’s President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
EPA/Christophe Petit Tesson
Despite being led by different presidents over the past six decades, the French government's policy on Africa has been faithful to its neo-colonial roots. Will Macron's government be any different?
France’s relationships with its former African colonies has become ambivalent.
French and African presidents have, in the past, entertained close relationships outside official channels. These often included illegitimate exchanges. But there are signs that this is changing.